angelicastri Hering, 1923
angelicastri Hering, 1932b. Z. PflKrankh. 42:
Phytomyza angelicastri Hering, 1932b; Hendel, 1934. Fliegen
palaearkt. Reg. 6(2): 346
Phytomyza angelicastri Hering, 1932b; Spencer, 1972b. Handbk
ident. Br. Ins. 10(5g): 78 (figs 261-2), 81, 120
Phytomyza angelicastri Hering, 1932b; Spencer, 1976. Fauna
ent. Scand. 5 (1): 378, figs 656-7
Phytomyza angelicastri Hering, 1932b; Spencer, 1990. Host
specialization in the World Agromyzidae (Diptera) : 160, 172
(fig. 645), 173.
forming an irregular upper surface linear mine, which can widen
and become almost blotch like at end (Spencer, 1972b: 78 (fig. 262), 81; Spencer,
1976: 378, 379 (fig. 657)).
blotch, often following the leaf margin for some length, finally
strongly widened. The real start of the mine, however, is a long
narrow epidermal corridor in the lower surface of the leaf, made
by the first instar larva (Allen, 1956a). Pupation outside the mine,
exit slit generally in the leaf lower epidermis (Bladmineerders van Europa).
An upper surface mine, which can widen and form a blotch (British
Larva: The larvae of flies are leg-less maggots without a head capsule (see examples). They never have thoracic or abdominal legs. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall.
The larva is described by Allen (1957b),
Griffiths (1973c), de Meijere (1938) and illustrated in
Bladmineerders van Europa.
Puparium: The puparia of flies are formed within the hardened last larval skin or puparium and as a result sheaths enclosing head appendages, wings and legs are not visible externally (see examples).
Black; posterior spiracles each with 22-28 bulbs or bulbs (Spencer,
Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:
of year - mines: May, July-September, November.
of year - adults: Currently unknown.
in Great Britain & Ireland: Widespread throughout Britain
from Cornwall to Scotland (Spencer, 1972b: 81), Warwickshire (Ufton) (Robbins,
1991: 66); Cambridgeshire (VC29), Cheshire (VC58), Derbyshire (VC57), Mid-west Yorkshire (VC64),
North Ebudes (VC104), North Lincolnshire (VC54), South-west Yorkshire (VC63), Stafford
and Surrey (NBN
recorded in Ireland (Spencer, 1972b: 81).
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elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Denmark,
Finland, Norway, Sweden (Spencer,
1976: 378), Belgium (de
Bruyn and von Tschirnhaus, 1991), Germany (Spencer,
1976: 378), The Netherlands (Bladmineerders van Europa), Austria, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, French mainland,
Lithuania, Poland and Slovakia (Martinez in Fauna Europaea).
NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:
British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: