The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds


Parapoynx stratiotata (Linnaeus, 1758)
[Lepidoptera: Crambidae]

Ringed China-mark

Phalaena stratiotata Linnaeus, 1758. Syst. Nat. 10: 529.
Parapoynx stratiotata
(Linnaeus, 1758).

Leaf-spinner: The larva feeds below the surface of the water between spun leaves of several aquatic plant (Belgian Lepidoptera).

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Pupation takes place in a large, pinkish, oval cocoon attached to a stem or debris (Belgian Lepidoptera).

Adult: The adult is illustrated in UKMoths (by Keith Dover) and Belgian Lepidoptera. The species is included in

Hosts in Great Britain and Ireland:

Ceratophyllum demersum Rigid Hornwort   Pitkin & Plant
Elodea       Pitkin & Plant
Nuphar lutea Yellow Water-lily British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant

Hosts elsewhere:

Ceratophyllum demersum Rigid Hornwort   Belgian Lepidoptera
Elodea       Belgian Lepidoptera
Nuphar lutea Yellow Water-lily British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Belgian Lepidoptera
Potamogeton       Belgian Lepidoptera

Time of year - larvae: Currently unknown.

Time of year - adults: Flies from June to August, being attracted to light (UKMoths).

Distribution in Great Britain and Ireland: Found locally in suitable habitat mainly in the southern half of Britain (UKMoths) including Anglesey, Bedfordshire, Breconshire, Buckinghamshire, Cambridgeshire, Carmarthenshire, Cheshire, Derbyshire, Dorset, East Cornwall, East Kent, East Norfolk, East Suffolk, Flintshire, Glamorgan, Hertfordshire, Huntingdonshire, Isle of Wight, Leicestershire, Middlesex, North Essex, North Hampshire, North Lincolnshire, North Somerset, North Wiltshire, Shropshire, South Devon, South Essex, South Hampshire, South Lancashire, South-east Yorkshire, Stafford, Surrey, West Cornwall, West Gloucestershire, West Norfolk, West Suffolk, West Sussex, Westmorland and Worcestershire (NBN Atlas).

Also recorded in the Republic of Ireland (Fauna Europaea and National Biodiversity Data Centre Map).

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria, Balearic Is., Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Corsica, Croatia, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, Estonia, Finland, French mainland, Germany, Greek mainland, Hungary, Italian mainland, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Norwegian mainland, Poland, Portuguese mainland, Romania, Russia - Central, East and South, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, Spanish mainland, Sweden, Switzerland and The Netherlands (Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Ceratophyllum demersum, Nuphar lutea

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Ichneumonoidea - Links to species no longer available  
Apsilops cinctorius (Fabricius 1775) Ichneumonidae: Cryptinae

External links: Search the internet:
Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
Find using Google
Find using Google Scholar
Find images using Google

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Last updated 11-Jul-2019  Brian Pitkin Top of page