The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Stigmella anomalella (Goeze, 1783)
[Lepidoptera: Nepticulidae]

Rose Leaf Miner


Phalaena anomalella Goeze, 1783. Ent. Beitr. 3: 4, 168, 290.
? Nepticula aeneella
Heinemann, 1862
Stigmella caulescentella
Klimesch, 1946. Z. wien. ent. Ges. 31: 162, fig'd.
Nepticula zermattensis
Weber, 1937. Mitt. Schweiz. ent. Ges. 16: 668, fig'd
Stigmella anomalella
(Goeze, 1783).


Leaf-miner: An early gallery filled with greenish frass, later leaving clear margins (British leafminers).

Egg at the underside of the leaf, near a vein. The mine is a clear corridor, often with a hairpin turn, the section before the turn often following the leaf margin. The first section of the mine is entirely filled with greyish green frass. Further on the frass line is quite variable, black, sometimes coiled, always leaving a clear zone at either side. The shift in the frass pattern usually is quite sharp (probably coincides with a moult). The frass is deposited on the ceiling of the mine. Pupation external; exit slit in upper epidermis (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

The larva is bright yellow, head pale brown (British leafminers). The larva is also illustrated in Bladmineerders van Europa.

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Adult: The adult is illustrated in UKMoths. The gentialia are not illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group (check for update).

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Rosaceae        
Rosa       British leafminers
Rosa       UKMoths
Rosa canina Dog-rose British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant

Hosts elsewhere:

Rosaceae        
Potentilla caulescens     Bladmineerders van Europa
Rosa arkansana     Bladmineerders van Europa
Rosa canina Dog-rose British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Rosa centifolia Cabbage Rose   Bladmineerders van Europa
Rosa glauca Red-leaved Rose British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Rosa pendulina Alpine Rose   Bladmineerders van Europa
Rosa rubiginosa Sweet-briar   Bladmineerders van Europa
Rosa rugosa Japanese Rose British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Rosa tomentosa Harsh Downy-rose British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Rosa wichuriana     Bladmineerders van Europa
Sanguisorba minor Salad Burnet British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Sanguisorba officinalis Great Burnet British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - larvae: July, October - December (British leafminers).

Time of year - adults: Two generations, May and August (UKMoths).

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: A fairly common species throughout the British Isles (UKMoths) including Anglesey (VC52), Ayrshire (VC74), Banffshire (VC94), Bedfordshire (VC30), Breconshire (VC42), Caernarvonshire (VC49), Cambridgeshire (VC29), Carmarthenshire (VC44), Cheshire (VC58), Derbyshire (VC57), East Gloucestershire (VC33), East Kent (VC15), East Norfolk (VC27), East Suffolk (VC25), Easterness (VC96), Edinburgh, Elgin, Glamorganshire (VC41), Herefordshire (VC36), Hertfordshire (VC20), Huntingdonshire (VC31), Kincardineshire (VC91), Leicestershire (VC55), Merionethshire (VC48), Middlesex (VC21), Monmouthshire (VC35), North Aberdeenshire (VC93), North Devon (VC4), North Ebudes (VC104), North Essex (VC19), North Hampshire (VC12), North Somerset (VC6), North-west Yorkshire (VC65), Shropshire (VC40), South Aberdeenshire (VC92), South Essex (VC18), South Lancashire (VC59), South Wiltshire (VC8), South-east Yorkshire (VC61), South-west Yorkshire (VC63), Staffordshire (VC39), Surrey (VC17), Warwickshire (VC38), West Gloucestershire (VC34), West Kent (VC16), West Lancashire (VC60), West Norfolk (VC28), West Suffolk (VC26), Westmorland (VC69) and Worcestershire (VC37) (NBN Gateway) and the Channel Is. (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

See also British leafminers distribution map.

Also recorded in the Republic of Ireland (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea). See also Ireland's NBDC interactive map.

NBN Grid Map:

NBN Grid Map

Stigmella anomalella
NBN Grid Map : NBN Terms and Conditions

Maps are only displayed if the NBN server is active. N.B. Only publicly available records, if any, are shown by default

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Corsica, Croatia, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, Estonia, Finland, French mainland, Germany, Hungary, Italian mainland, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Republic of Moldova, Norwegian mainland, Poland, Portuguese mainland, Romania, Russia - East and Northwest, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands, Ukraine and Yugoslavia. Also present in East Palaearctic (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:

Rosa canina, Rosa centifolia, Rosa glauca, Rosa pendulina, Rosa rubiginosa, Rosa rugosa, Rosa tomentosa, Sanguisorba minor, Sanguisorba officinalis

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Chalcidoidea  
Chrysocharis nitetis (Walker, 1939) Eulophidae: Entedoninae
Chrysocharis pubicornis (Zetterstedt, 1838) Eulophidae: Entedoninae
Chrysocharis prodice (Walker, 1839) Eulophidae: Entedoninae
Cirrospilus vittatus Walker, 1838 Eulophidae: Eulophinae
Sceptrothelys deione (Walker, 1839) Pteromalidae: Pteromalinae
Seladerma aeneum (Walker, 1833) Pteromalidae: Miscogastrinae
Ichneumonoidea  
Coloneura stylata Förster, 1862 Braconidae: Alysiinae
Coloneura stylata Förster, 1862 Braconidae: Alysiinae
Adelius erythronotus (Förster, 1851) Braconidae: Cheloninae
Adelius subfasciatus Haliday, 1833 Braconidae: Cheloninae
Colastes braconius Haliday, 1833 Braconidae: Exothecinae
Deuterixys rimulosa (Niezabitowski, 1910) Braconidae: Microgastrinae
Mirax rufilabris Haliday, 1833 Braconidae: Miracinae


External links: Search the internet:
Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Gateway
NHM UK Checklist
UKMoths
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Last updated 15-Sep-2016  Brian Pitkin Top of page