The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Phyllonorycter spinicolella (Zeller, 1846)
[Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae]

Sloe Midget


Lithocolletis spinicolella Zeller, 1846. Linn. Ent. 1: 203.
Phyllonorycter spinicolella
(Zeller, 1846).


Leaf-miner: A mine with several creases in lower epidermis, causing the leaf to arch or fold over (British leafminers).

The larvae feed on blackthorn or sometimes wild plum. On blackthorn the mines are narrow and cause the leaf to pucker strongly, often folding right over, and being whitish, resemble those of the blackthorn-feeding Parornix species (UKMoths).

Lower-surface, strongly inflated tentifom mine bewtwwn to side veins. Lower epidermis with folds, green. Pupa in a white cocoon, frass in a mass in a corner of the mine. Before emergence the pupa works itself halfway out of the mine (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

The larva is illustrated in Bladmineerders van Europa.

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

The pupa is illustrated in Bladmineerders van Europa.

Adult: The adult is illustrated in UKMoths. The male and female genitalia are illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group.

Comments: Treated as a senior synonym of P. cerasicolella in Fauna Europaea.

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Rosaceae        
Prunus cerasifera Cherry Plum British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Prunus domestica Wild Plum British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Prunus domestica Wild Plum British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. UKMoths
Prunus spinosa Blackthorn British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Prunus spinosa Blackthorn British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. UKMoths

Hosts elsewhere:

Rosaceae        
Prunus cerasifera Cherry Plum British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Prunus domestica Wild Plum British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Prunus padus Bird Cherry British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Prunus spinosa Blackthorn British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - larvae: July, September - April (British leafminers).

Time of year - adults: The moths fly in two generations, in May and August (UKMoths).

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Widespread throughout most of the British Isles UKMoths) including Anglesey (VC52), Bedfordshire (VC30), Caernarvonshire (VC49), Cambridgeshire (VC29), Cheshire (VC58), Denbighshire (VC50), Derbyshire (VC57), East Gloucestershire (VC33), East Kent (VC15), East Norfolk (VC27), East Suffolk (VC25), East Sussex (VC14), Flintshire (VC51), Glamorganshire (VC41), Herefordshire (VC36), Huntingdonshire (VC31), Kincardineshire (VC91), Leicestershire (VC55), Merionethshire (VC48), Monmouthshire (VC35), North Aberdeenshire (VC93), North Devon (VC4), North Essex (VC19), North Somerset (VC6), North Wiltshire (VC7), Northamptonshire (VC32), Radnorshire (VC43), Shropshire (VC40), South Lancashire (VC59), South Wiltshire (VC8), Staffordshire (VC39), Surrey (VC17), Warwickshire (VC38), West Kent (VC16), West Norfolk (VC28), West Suffolk (VC26) and Worcestershire (VC37) (NBN Gateway).

See also British leafminers distribution map.

NBN Grid Map:

NBN Grid Map

Phyllonorycter spinicolella
NBN Grid Map : NBN Terms and Conditions

Maps are only displayed if the NBN server is active. N.B. Only publicly available records, if any, are shown by default

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Albania, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Corsica, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, Estonia, Finland, French mainland, Germany, Greek mainland, Hungary, Italian mainland, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Republic of Moldova, Poland, Portuguese mainland, Romania, Russia - Central, East, Northwest and South, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spanish mainland, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands, Ukraine and Yugoslavia. Also recorded in Near East (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:

Prunus cerasifera, Prunus domestica, Prunus padus, Prunus spinosa

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Chalcidoidea  
Chrysocharis laomedon (Walker, 1839) Eulophidae: Entedoninae
Cirrospilus vittatus Walker, 1838 Eulophidae: Eulophinae
Pnigalio agraules (Walker, 1839) Eulophidae: Eulophinae
Sympiesis acalle (Walker, 1848) Eulophidae: Eulophinae
Sympiesis gordius (Walker, 1839) Eulophidae: Eulophinae
Minotetrastichus platanellus (Mercet, 1922) Eulophidae: Tetrastichinae
Ichneumonoidea  
Coloneura stylata Förster, 1862 Braconidae: Alysiinae
Colastes braconius Haliday, 1833 Braconidae: Exothecinae
Colastes vividus Papp, 1975 Braconidae: Exothecinae
Cotesia praepotens (Haliday, 1834) Braconidae: Microgastrinae
Pholetesor bicolor (Nees, 1834) Braconidae: Microgastrinae
Pholetesor circumscriptus (Nees, 1834) Braconidae: Microgastrinae
Pholetesor nanus (Reinhard, 1880) Braconidae: Microgastrinae
Diadegma pusio (Holmgren, 1860) Ichneumonidae: Campopleginae
Hemiteles similis (Gmelin, 1790) Ichneumonidae: Cryptinae
Scambus inanis (Schrank, 1802) Ichneumonidae: Pimplinae


External links: Search the internet:
Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Gateway
NHM UK Checklist
UKMoths
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Last updated 19-Sep-2016  Brian Pitkin Top of page