A large mine with a strong crease in lower epidermis. Leaf-edge
often folded downwards (British
yellow-green tentiform mine with a few sharp folds in the epidermis.
In Rowan the mine is parallel to the leaf margin, in Cherry usually
between two lateral veins. The light brown cocoon lies in a wide
cocoon, in which no frass is incorporated; all frass is accumulated
in a clump in an angle of the mine. Before hatching the pupa penetrates
the mine wall; generally the exuvium remains stuck halfway out of
the mine (Bladmineerders van Europa).
mine is also illustrated in UKMoths.
Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).
The larva is illustrated in UKMoths.
Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).
The cremaster is illustrated in British
leafminers and Bladmineerders van Europa.
The adult is illustrated in UKMoths.
and female genitalia are illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group.
Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:
of year - larvae: June - July, September - October (British
of year - adults: April and May and again in August (UKMoths).
in Great Britain & Ireland: Distributed throughout the British
including Banffshire (VC94), Bedfordshire (VC30), Buckinghamshire (VC24), Caernarvonshire (VC49),
Cambridgeshire (VC29), Cheshire (VC58), Denbighshire (VC50), Derbyshire (VC57), East Norfolk (VC27),
East Suffolk (VC25), East Sutherland (VC107), Easterness (VC96), Elgin, Glamorganshire (VC41), Herefordshire (VC36), Hertfordshire (VC20), Kincardineshire (VC91), Merionethshire (VC48), Middlesex (VC21), North Aberdeenshire (VC93),
North Devon (VC4), North Ebudes (VC104), North Essex (VC19), North Hampshire (VC12), North Somerset (VC6),
Shropshire (VC40), South Aberdeenshire (VC92), South Devon (VC3), South Lancashire (VC59), South Wiltshire (VC8), South-east Yorkshire (VC61), Staffordshire (VC39), Surrey (VC17), Warwickshire (VC38),
West Gloucestershire (VC34), West Kent (VC16), West Lancashire (VC60), West Norfolk (VC28), West Suffolk (VC26) and Worcestershire (VC37) (NBN
Gateway) and Ireland (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea). This species is generally commoner in the northern
half of Britain (UKMoths).
See also British
leafminers distribution map.
recorded in the Republic of Ireland (Karsholt and van Nieukerken
in Fauna Europaea). See also Ireland's NBDC interactive map.
NBN Grid Map:
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elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria,
Belarus, Belgium, Corsica, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, Estonia,
Finland, French mainland, Germany, Hungary, Italian mainland, Latvia,
Lithuania, Luxembourg, Republic of Moldova, Norwegian mainland,
Poland, Portuguese mainland, Romania, Russia - Central, East, North,
Northwest and South, Slovakia, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands
and Ukraine, Near East and Nearctic region (Karsholt and van Nieukerken
in Fauna Europaea).
NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:
British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:
|Achrysocharoides atys (Walker, 1839)
|Achrysocharoides cilla (Walker, 1839)
|Chrysocharis laomedon (Walker, 1839)
|Chrysocharis nephereus (Walker, 1839)
|Chrysocharis phryne (Walker, 1839)
|Pediobius alcaeus (Walker, 1839)
lyncus Walker, 1841
|| Eulophidae: Eulophinae
vittatus Walker, 1838
|| Eulophidae: Eulophinae
|Sympiesis gordius (Walker, 1839)
stylata Förster, 1862
braconius Haliday, 1833
|Pholetesor circumscriptus (Nees, 1834)
|Encrateola laevigata (Ratzeburg, 1848)