mine, larva and pupa cannot be distinguised from those of Parornix
betulae (Bladmineerders van Europa).
Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).
Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).
The adult is illustrated in UKMoths. The male and female genitalia are illustrated by the Lepidoptera
Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:
of year - larvae: Currently unknown.
of year - adults: Currently unknown.
in Great Britain & Ireland: Britain & Ireland (Karsholt
and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea), including Glamorganshire (VC41), North Aberdeenshire (VC93), Shropshire (VC40),
South Aberdeen and Stafford (NBN
NBN Grid Map:
elsewhere: Northwest Europe including Danish mainland, Estonia,
Finland, Latvia, Norwegian mainland, Russia North and Sweden (Karsholt
and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).
NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:
British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Currently unknown.