The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Mompha miscella (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)
[Lepidoptera: Momphidae]

Brown Cosmet


Tinea miscella Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775. Verz.: 142.
Tebenna opacella
Müller-Rutz, 1934. Mitt. Schweiz. ent. Ges. 16: 121, pl. 1 fig. 5.
Lophoptilus staintoni
Sircom, 1848. Zoologist: 2038.
Mompha miscella
(Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775).


Leaf-miner: Initially a gallery is made and filled with frass. It is widened abruptly into a blotch, which absorbs the gallery and may occupy the whole leaf. The frass may then be dispersed or heaped in the blotch. A larva may mine more than one leaf before it vacates the mine (UKMoths).

Corridor, densely packed with frass, suddenly widening into a blotch that often occupies the entire width of the leaf, then overrunning the initial corridor. Frass in the blotch disersed or clumped. The larvae can leave the mine and restart elsewhere. Pupation outside the mine (Bladmineerders van Europa).

The mine is also illustrated in British leafminers.

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

The larva is illustrated in (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Pupation in a silk cocoon among leaf litter (UKMoths; British leafminers).

Adult: The adult is illustrated in UKMoths. The male and female genitalia, are illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group.

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Cistaceae        
Helianthemum       British leafminers
Helianthemum       UKMoths
Helianthemum apenninum White Rock-rose British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. British leafminers
Helianthemum apenninum White Rock-rose British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Helianthemum canum     British leafminers
Helianthemum canum     Pitkin & Plant
Helianthemum lanceolatum     Pitkin & Plant
Helianthemum nummularium Common Rock-rose British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. British leafminers
Helianthemum nummularium Common Rock-rose British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant

Hosts elsewhere:

Cistaceae        
Cistus       Bladmineerders van Europa
Helianthemum apenninum White Rock-rose British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Helianthemum canum     Bladmineerders van Europa
Helianthemum nummularium Common Rock-rose British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - larvae: October-April and June-July (UKMoths; British leafminers).

Time of year - adults: The adults fly in two generations, primarily May-mid June, and mid July-August, but specimens can be found any time from late April to early October. Adults can often be taken in a fine meshed net by day, if the foodplants or nearby low vegetation are disturbed (UKMoths).

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: The distribution of this moth follows that of its foodplants; rockroses (Helianthemum spp.), which are confined to limestone and chalk in southern Britain, but extends onto slightly acid soils in N.E. England and E. Scotland. It is usually a common moth, wherever its foodplants occur (UKMoths), including Anglesey (VC52), Bedfordshire (VC30), Buckinghamshire (VC24), Caernarvonshire (VC49), Cambridgeshire (VC29), Denbighshire (VC50), Derbyshire (VC57), East Gloucestershire (VC33), East Kent (VC15), East Suffolk (VC25), Glamorganshire (VC41), Herefordshire (VC36), Hertfordshire (VC20), Kincardineshire (VC91), North Hampshire (VC12), North Somerset (VC6), North Wiltshire (VC7), South Aberdeenshire (VC92), South Wiltshire (VC8), Staffordshire (VC39), West Gloucestershire (VC34), Westmorland (VC69) and Worcestershire (VC37) (NBN Gateway).

See also British leafminers distribution map.

NBN Grid Map:

NBN Grid Map

Mompha miscella
NBN Grid Map : NBN Terms and Conditions

Maps are only displayed if the NBN server is active. N.B. Only publicly available records, if any, are shown by default

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Corsica, Crete, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, Estonia, Finland, French mainland, Germany, Greek mainland, Hungary, Italian mainland, Latvia, Macedonia, Poland, Portuguese mainland, Romania, Russia - South, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spanish mainland, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands, Ukraine and Yugoslavia (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:

Helianthemum apenninum, Helianthemum canum, Helianthemum nummularium

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Chalcidoidea  
Hemiptarsenus waterhousii Westwood, 1833 Eulophidae: Eulophinae
Ichneumonoidea  
Chelonus miscellae (Tobias & Shaw, 2005) Braconidae: Cheloninae
Orgilus pimpinellae Niezabitowski, 1910 Braconidae: Orgilinae
Gelis anthracinus (Förster, 1850) Ichneumonidae: Cryptinae


External links: Search the internet:
Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Gateway
NHM UK Checklist
UKMoths
Find using Google
Find using Google Scholar
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Last updated 31-Jul-2016  Brian Pitkin Top of page