The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

 

CISTUS. Rock-roses. [Cistaceae]


Eight species and subspecies of Cistus are recorded in Britain. All are introduced and include Hoary Rock-rose (C. incanus).

Only one British miner is recorded on Cistus.

A key to the European miners recorded on Cistus is provided in Bladmineerders van Europa.



Key for the identification of the known mines of British
insects (Diptera and non-Diptera) recorded on Cistus


1 > Leaf-miner: Initially a gallery is made and filled with frass. It is widened abruptly into a blotch, which absorbs the gallery and may occupy the whole leaf. The frass may then be dispersed or heaped in the blotch. A larva may mine more than one leaf before it vacates the mine. Corridor, densely packed with frass, suddenly widening into a blotch that often occupies the entire width of the leaf, then overrunning the initial corridor. Frass in the blotch disersed or clumped. The larvae can leave the mine and restart elsewhere. Pupation outside the mine. Pupation in a silk cocoon among leaf litter (UKMoths; British leafminers).

On Helianthemum apenninum, Helianthemum canum, Helianthemum lanceolatum and Helianthemum nummularium, but not yet on Cistus, in Britain and Cistus, Helianthemum apenninum, Helianthemum canumand Helianthemum nummularium elsewhere. Widespread in Britain and elsewhere.

Mompha miscella (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) [Lepidoptera: Momphidae].



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