The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Epermenia insecurella (Stainton, 1854)
[Lepidoptera: Epermeniidae]

Chalk-hill Lance-wing


Elachista insecurella Stainton, 1854. Cat. Brit. Tin.: 24.
Elachista dentosella
Stainton, 1851
Epermenia plumbeella
Rebel, 1915. Iris 29: 198.
Epermenia insecurella
(Stainton, 1854).


Leaf-miner: Small, full depth, irregular corridor mine. Older larvae live free on the plant (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

Yellow; head and anal shield shining black, prothoracic shield yellow with a darker outer margin (Hering, 1962a) (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Adult: The adult is illustrated in UKMoths. The male and female genitalia are illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group.

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Santalaceae        
Thesium humifusum Bastard-toadflax British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant

Hosts elsewhere:

Santalaceae        
Thesium humifusum Bastard-toadflax British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - larvae: Currently unknown.

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Britain including East Sussex (VC14), Flintshire and South Wiltshire (NBN Gateway).

NBN Grid Map:

NBN Grid Map

Epermenia insecurella
NBN Grid Map : NBN Terms and Conditions

Maps are only displayed if the NBN server is active. N.B. Only publicly available records, if any, are shown by default

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Albania, Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, French mainland, Germany, Hungary, Italian mainland, Lithuania, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Russia - Central and South, Slovakia, Spanish mainland, Switzerland, Ukraine and Yugoslavia (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:

Thesium humifusum

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Currently unknown.



External links: Search the internet:

Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Gateway
NHM UK Checklist
UKMoths

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Last updated 20-Oct-2015  Brian Pitkin Top of page