The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Elachista luticomella Zeller, 1839
[Lepidoptera: Elachistidae]

Yellow-headed Dwarf


Elachista luticomella Zeller, 1839. Isis: 212.


Leaf-miner: Long, narrow, white corridor, descending from close to the leaf tip to the leaf base or even stem. Frass in an inconspicuous grey line. From the stem the larva may enter a new leaf (Steuer, 1987a; Bland, 1996a) (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

Lemon yellow; setae unusually long. Pronotum with two elongate brown spots. also the anal plate has a brown marking. Prolegds with 2-4(5) crochets in a faint, posteriorly concave, arc (Steuer, 1987a) (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Described by Patocka (1999a) and Patocka and Turcani (2005a) (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Adult: The adult is illustrated in UKMoths. The male and female genitalia are illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group.

Comments: Festuca gigantea is treated as Schedonorus gigantea (Giant Fescue) and Festuca pratensis is treated as Schedonorus pratensis (Meadow Fescue) by Stace (2010).

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Poaceae        
Brachypodium sylvaticum False Brome British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Dactylis glomerata Cock's-foot British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Dactylis glomerata Cock's-foot British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. UKMoths

Hosts elsewhere:

Poaceae        
Bromopsis ramosa Hairy-brome British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al.

Bladmineerders van Europa, as Bromus ramosa

Dactylis glomerata Cock's-foot British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Deschampsia cespitosa Tufted Hair-grass British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Festuca gigantea Giant Fescue British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Festuca pratensis Meadow Fescue   Bladmineerders van Europa
Lolium perenne Perennial Rye-grass British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Melica uniflora Wood Melick British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Milium effusum Wood Millet British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Poa humilis Spreading Meadow-grass British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Poa pratensis Smooth Meadow-grass British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - larvae: Throughout the winter (UKMoths).

Time of year - adults: The adults fly in the evening from June to August and can be disturbed from long grass (UKMoths).

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Fairly common in grassy habitats and woodland edges throughout the British Isles (UKMoths) including Anglesey (VC52), Banffshire (VC94), Bedfordshire (VC30), Caernarvonshire (VC49), Cambridgeshire (VC29), Cheshire (VC58), Denbighshire (VC50), Derbyshire (VC57), East Suffolk (VC25), Flintshire (VC51), Glamorganshire (VC41), Kincardineshire (VC91), Merionethshire (VC48), North Aberdeenshire (VC93), North Essex (VC19), North Hampshire (VC12), North Somerset (VC6), North Wiltshire (VC7), North-east Yorkshire (VC62), Shropshire (VC40), South Aberdeenshire (VC92), South Lancashire (VC59), South Wiltshire (VC8), Staffordshire (VC39), Warwickshire (VC38), West Kent (VC16), West Norfolk (VC28), West Suffolk (VC26), Westmorland (VC69) and Worcestershire (VC37) (NBN Gateway) and Ireland (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

Also recorded in the Republic of Ireland (Ireland's NBDC interactive map).

NBN Grid Map:

NBN Grid Map

Elachista luticomella
NBN Grid Map : NBN Terms and Conditions

Maps are only displayed if the NBN server is active. N.B. Only publicly available records, if any, are shown by default

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, French mainland, Germany, Hungary, Italian mainland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norwegian mainland, Poland, Romania, Russia - Central, Slovakia, Sweden, Switzerland and The Netherlands (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:

Brachypodium sylvaticum, Bromopsis ramosus, Dactylis glomerata, Deschampsia cespitosa, Festuca gigantea (= Schedonorus gigantea), Festuca pratensis (= Schedonorus pratensis), Lolium perenne, Melica uniflora, Milium effusum, Poa humilis, Poa pratensis

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Ichneumonoidea  
Chelonus pusio Marshall, 1885 Braconidae: Cheloninae
Pholetesor circumscriptus (Nees, 1834) Braconidae: Microgastrinae
Meloboris gracilis Holmgren, 1859 Ichneumonidae: Campopleginae
Charitopes areolaris (Thomson, 1884) Ichneumonidae: Cryptinae


External links: Search the internet:

Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Gateway
NHM UK Checklist
UKMoths

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Last updated 21-Jul-2016  Brian Pitkin Top of page