The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Coleophora salicorniae Heinemann & Wocke, 1876
[Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae]

Glasswort Case-bearer


Coleophora salicorniae Heinemann & Wocke, 1876. Kleinach. Deutsch. 2: 553
Coleophora cypriacella Rebel, 1928. Verh. zool-bot. Ges. Wien. 78: [33].


Seed-feeder and case-bearer: Larva feeds internally on seeds and fleshy spikes. A case is formed from the tip of a spike, and feeding continues for a short time on other spikes (British leafminers).

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

The larva burrows into the mud to spend the winter in a silken tube (UKMoths).

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Adult: The adult is illustrated in UKMoths. The male and female genitalia are illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group.

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Chenopodiaceae      
Salicornia     UKMoths
Salicornia     British leafminers

Hosts elsewhere: Currently unknown.

Chenopodiaceae      
Salicornia europaea   Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - larvae: September to October (British leafminers).

Time of year - adults: July or August (UKMoths).

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: A local species, inhabiting saltmarshes around the coast of England and parts of Wales and can roam inland, where they may be attracted to light (UKMoths) including Denbighshire (VC50), East Suffolk (VC25), Glamorganshire (VC41), North Essex (VC19), North Somerset (VC6), South Hampshire and South-east Yorkshire (VC61), (NBN Gateway). The available records indicate that this is a coastal species.

Also recorded from the Republic of Ireland. See also Ireland's NBDC interactive map.

NBN Grid Map:

NBN Grid Map

Coleophora salicorniae
NBN Grid Map : NBN Terms and Conditions

Maps are only displayed if the NBN server is active. N.B. Only publicly available records, if any, are shown by default

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria, Belgium, Canary Is., Croatia, Cyprus, Danish mainland, Finland, French mainland, Germany, Greek mainland, Hungary, Italian mainland, North Aegean Is., Norwegian mainland, Portuguese mainland, Romania, Russia - South, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovenia, Spanish mainland, Sweden, The Netherlands and Ukraine. Also recorded in the East Palaearctic, Near East and North Africa (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:

Host species unknown

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Ichneumonoidea  
Agathis fuscipennis (Zetterstedt, 1838) Braconidae: Agathidinae


External links: Search the internet:

Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Gateway
NHM UK Checklist
UKMoths

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Last updated 17-Jun-2016  Brian Pitkin Top of page