The larva initially mines a leaf of Common sorrel (Rumex acetosa)
in July and August, and then feeds externally on lower leaves until
May, when it pupates in a cocoon near the ground among vegetation
larvae make a number of rather large, untidy full depth mines. The mines contain little or no frass. The lower-surface opening, by
which the larva has entered the mine, is irregularly roundish. Older
larvae live free on the plant (Bladmineerders van Europa).
The mine is illustrated in British Leafminers.
Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).
See Tremewan (1985a) (Bladmineerders van Europa).
Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).
Pupates in a cocoon near the ground (Biodiversity
Belgian Lepidoptera). Described by Patočka and Turčáni (2005a) (Bladmineerders van Europa).
The adult is illustrated in UKMoths (by
David Painter) and the Encyclopedia
of Life. The male genitalia, but not the female genitalia (check for update) are illustrated by the Lepidoptera
Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:
of year - larvae: July until May the following year (Bladmineerders van Europa).
of year - adults: May, July - August (UKMoths).
in Great Britain & Ireland: Britain including Bedfordshire (VC30),
Berkshire (VC22), Berwickshire (VC81), Breconshire (VC42), Buckinghamshire (VC24), Caernarvonshire (VC49),
Cambridgeshire (VC29), Cardiganshire (VC46), Carmarthenshire (VC44), Cheshire (VC58), Cumberland (VC70),
Denbighshire (VC50), Derbyshire (VC57), Dorset (VC9), County Durham (VC66), East Cornwall (VC2), East Gloucestershire (VC33),
East Kent (VC15), East Norfolk (VC27), East Suffolk (VC25), East Sussex (VC14), Flintshire (VC51),
Glamorganshire (VC41), Herefordshire (VC36), Hertfordshire (VC20), Huntingdonshire (VC31), Isle of Wight (VC10), Kirkudbrightshire (VC73), Leicestershire (VC55), Argyllshire (VC98), Merionethshire (VC48),
Mid-west Yorkshire (VC64), Middlesex (VC21), Monmouthshire (VC35), Montgomeryshire (VC47), North Essex (VC19), North Hampshire (VC12), North Lincolnshire (VC54), North Somerset (VC6), North Wiltshire (VC7), North-east Yorkshire (VC62), North-west Yorkshire (VC65), Northamptonshire (VC32),
South Northumberland (VC67), Nottinghamshire (VC56), Oxfordshire (VC23), Pembrokeshire (VC45),
Radnorshire (VC43), Roxburgh and Shropshire (NBN
Gateway) and the Channel
Is. (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).
recorded in the Republic of Ireland (Karsholt and van Nieukerken
in Fauna Europaea). See also Ireland's NBDC interactive map.
NBN Grid Map:
elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Albania,
Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia,
Czech Republic, Danish mainland, Estonia, European Turkey, Finland,
Germany, Greek mainland, Hungary, Italian mainland, Kaliningrad
Region, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia,
Republic of Moldova, Norwegian mainland, Poland, Romania, Russia
- Central, East, North, Northwest and South, Slovakia, Slovenia,
Spanish mainland, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands, Ukraine
and Yugoslavia (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).
NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:
British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: