The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds


Phytomyza nigritella Zetterstedt, 1848
[Diptera: Agromyzidae]

Phytomyza nigritella Zetterstedt, 1848. Dipt. Scand. 7: 2816
Phytomyza nigritella Zetterstedt, 1848; Spencer, 1976. Fauna ent. Scand. 5(1): 456-8, figs 798-801.

Leaf-miner: Details unknown.

Larva: The larvae of flies are leg-less maggots without a head capsule (see examples). They never have thoracic or abdominal legs. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall.

Puparium: The puparia of flies are formed within the hardened last larval skin or puparium and as a result sheaths enclosing head appendages, wings and legs are not visible externally (see examples).

Comments: Included in Spencer (1972b: 95), but subsequently re-identified as Chromatomyia ramosa Hendel (Spencer, 1976: 46).

Hosts in Great Britain and Ireland:

Succisa pratensis Devil's-bit Scabious British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant

Hosts elsewhere: Currently unknown. Not included in Spencer (1990).

Time of year - mines: Currently unknown.

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain and Ireland: Added to British checklist by Henshaw in Chandler, 1998. Recorded from Surrey (NBN Atlas).

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Norway, Sweden (Spencer, 1976: 456), Czech Republic, ? French mainland, Spanish mainland and The Netherlands (Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Succisa pratensis

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Currently unknown.

External links: Search the internet:
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
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