The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Phytomyza flavofemorata Strobl, 1893
[Diptera: Agromyzidae]

Phytomyza crassiseta var. flavofemorata Strobl, 1893. Wien. ent. Ztg. 12: 306
Phytomyza pratensis de Meijere, 1926. Tijdschr. Ent. 69: 284. [Synonymised by Spencer, 1976: 419].
Phytomyza melampyri Hering, 1934b. Märk. Tierwelt 1(1): 19. [Synonymised by Spencer, 1976: 419]
Phytomyza lapponica Rydén, 1949. Opusc. ent. 14: 88. [Synonymised by Spencer, 1976: 419]
Phytomyza distantipilia Frey, 1950. Notul. ent. 30: 16. [Synonymised by Spencer, 1976: 419]
Phytomyza kemneri Rydén, 1953. Ent. Meddr. 26: 16 [Synonymised by Spencer, 1976: 419]
Phytomyza flavivertex Hering, 1955b. Abhandlungen und Berichte des Naturkundemuseums, Forschungsstelle Görlitz 34: 180. [Synonymised by Spencer, 1976: 419]
Phytomyza flavofemorata Strobl, 1893; Spencer, 1976. Fauna ent. Scand. 5(1): 419-421, figs 731, 732.
Phytomyza flavofemorata Strobl, 1893; Spencer, 1990. Host specialization in the World Agromyzidae (Diptera) : 222, 226 (fig. 854), 227.

Seed-feeder: Larva feeding and pupating in seed-head (Spencer, 1976: 420).

Larva: The larvae of flies are leg-less maggots without a head capsule (see examples). They never have thoracic or abdominal legs. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall.

Puparium: The puparia of flies are formed within the hardened last larval skin or puparium and as a result sheaths enclosing head appendages, wings and legs are not visible externally (see examples).

Shining black or pale brown, oval (Spencer, 1976: 420).

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland: Currently unknown.

Hosts elsewhere:

Melampyrum       Spencer, 1976: 420
Melampyrum       Spencer, 1990: 222
Melampyrum arvense Field Cow-wheat British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1976: 420
Melampyrum pratense Common Cow-wheat British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1976: 420

Time of year - larvae: Currently unknown.

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Added to the British checklist by Henshaw in Chandler, 1998.

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden (Spencer, 1976: 419), Germany (Spencer, 1976: 570), Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Estonia, French mainland, Hungary, Italian mainland, Lithuania, Poland, The Netherlands and Yugoslavia (Martinez 2004 in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Melampyrum arvense, Melampyrum pratense

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Unknown.

External links: Search the internet:
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
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