anemones Hering, 1925
Hering, 1925. Z. Morph. Okol. Tiere 4: 507
Phytomyza anemones Hering, 1925; Hendel, 1934. Fliegen
palaearkt. Reg. 6(2): 343
Phytomyza anemones Hering, 1925; Spencer, 1972b. Handbk
ident. Br. Ins. 10(5g): 70 (fig. 225)Handbk ident.
Br. Ins. 10(5g), 73, 118, fig. 225
Phytomyza anemones Hering, 1925; Spencer, 1976. Fauna
ent. Scand. 5(1): 373-4, fig. 652.
Phytomyza anemones Hering, 1925; Spencer, 1990. Host
specialization in the World Agromyzidae (Diptera) : 21, 27,
28 (figs 52-3).
linear but normally developing into secondary blotch, feeding confined
to apex of a leaf segment (Spencer, 1972b: 70 (fig. 225); Spencer,
1976: 374, 375 (fig. 652)). Pupation normally external, but
Lundquist (1947) records
that 8 of 10 larvae pupariumted in the mine in Sweden.
mine is also dexcribed and illustrated in British
Larva: The larvae of flies are leg-less maggots without a head capsule (see examples). They never have thoracic or abdominal legs. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall.
Described by Hering (1967a, as clematobia); mandible two-teethed alternating; anterior spiracles fist-shaped with 9 bulbs, posterior spiracles with 13 bulbs, arranged in a horse shoe (Bladmineerders van Europa).
Puparium: The puparia of flies are formed within the hardened last larval skin or puparium and as a result sheaths enclosing head appendages, wings and legs are not visible externally (see examples).
Reddish-brown; posterior spiracular processes extended, each with
up to 18 bulbs (Spencer, 1976:
Reddish-brown, with the rear spiracula conspicuously elongated (depicted in Hering, 1925b and de Meijere, 1937a) (Bladmineerders van Europa).
Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:
of year - mines: May.
of year - adults: April. A single generation.
in Great Britain & Ireland: Sussex (Chailey), Gloucestershire
(Gloucester - mines) (Spencer, 1972b: 73); East Norfolk (VC27), East Suffolk (VC25), North-east Yorkshire (VC62),
West Norfolk (VC28) and West Suffolk (VC26) (NBN
Gateway). Also Flatropers Wood, Beckley, East Sussex (British
recorded in the Republic of Ireland (Martinez in Fauna Europaea).
NBN Grid Map:
elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Denmark,
Finland, Sweden (Spencer, 1976:
374), Germany, Italy (Bladmineerders van Europa), Lithuania, Malta and Yugoslavia (Martinez in Fauna Europaea).
NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:
British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: