The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds


Ophiomyia longilingua (Hendel, 1920)
[Diptera: Agromyzidae]

Melanagromyza longilingua Hendel, 1920. Arch. Naturgesch. 84A(7) (1918): 127
Melanagromyza knautiae Hering, 1944a. Mitt. dt. ent. Ges. 12: 56. [Synonymised by Spencer, 1966a: 50]
Ophiomyia longilingua Hendel, 1920; Spencer, 1966. Beitr. Ent. 16: 50
Ophiomyia longilingua (Hendel, 1920); Spencer, 1972b. Handbk ident. Br. Ins. 10(5g): 108
Ophiomyia longilingua (Hendel, 1920); Spencer, 1976. Fauna ent. Scand. 5(1): 69, figs 81-2
Ophiomyia longilingua (Hendel, 1920); Spencer, 1990. Host specialization in the World Agromyzidae (Diptera) : 243 (fig. 912), 243, 244.

Stem-miner: Reddish stem mine with a mass of black frass at the end of mine. Pupation external (Spencer, 1976: 69).

Larva: The larvae of flies are leg-less maggots without a head capsule (see examples). They never have thoracic or abdominal legs. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall.

Puparium: The puparia of flies are formed within the hardened last larval skin or puparium and as a result sheaths enclosing head appendages, wings and legs are not visible externally (see examples).

Hosts in Great Britain and Ireland: Currently unknown.

Hosts elsewhere:

Knautia       Spencer, 1990: 242
Knautia arvensis Field Scabious British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1976: 69

Time of year - mines: Currently unknown.

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain and Ireland: Unknown. Included as British by Spencer (1972b: 108).

Distribution elsewhere: Uncommon but widespread with confirmed records from Austria, France, Finland, Greece, Latvia, Norway, Switzerland (Spencer, 1976: 69), Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Lithuania and Switzerland (Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Knautia arvensis

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Currently unknown.

External links: Search the internet:
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
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