The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Ophiomyia labiatarum Hering, 1937
[Diptera: Agromyzidae]


Ophiomyia labiatarum Hering, 1937c. Blattminen Mittel- und NordEuropas Lief 5, 6: 509
Ophiomyia labiatarum Hering, 1937c; Spencer, 1964a. Beitr. Ent. 14: 793
Ophiomyia labiatarum Hering, 1937c; Spencer, 1972b. Handbk ident. Br. Ins. 10(5g): 26 (figs 60-1), 29, 116, 117
Ophiomyia labiatarum Hering, 1937c; Spencer, 1976. Fauna ent. Scand. 5(1): 67-8, figs 78-80
Ophiomyia labiatarum Hering, 1937c; Spencer, 1990. Host specialization in the World Agromyzidae (Diptera) : 204, 205.


Stem-mine: A shallow, inconspicuous external stem mine. Pupation in stem near a node (Spencer, 1972b: 29).

Larva: The larvae of flies are leg-less maggots without a head capsule (see examples). They never have thoracic or abdominal legs. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall.

Posterior spiracles each with 7 bulbs (Spencer, 1972b: 29).

Puparium: The puparia of flies are formed within the hardened last larval skin or puparium and as a result sheaths enclosing head appendages, wings and legs are not visible externally (see examples).

Whitish-grey. Posterior spiracles each with 7 bulbs (Spencer, 1976: 68).

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Lamiaceae        
Clinopodium       Robbins, 1991: 100
Clinopodium vulgare Wild Basil British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Robbins, 1989
Clinopodium vulgare Wild Basil British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer 1972: 116
Galeopsis       Robbins, 1991: 103
Galeopsis tetrahit Common Hemp-nettle British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Lamium album White Dead-nettle British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Robbins, 1991: 102
Lamium album White Dead-nettle British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1972b: 116
Lamium rubrum     Spencer, 1972b: 116
Stachys       Robbins, 1991: 101
Stachys palustris Marsh Woundwort British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Mines in BMNH
Stachys palustris Marsh Woundwort British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1972b: 117
Stachys sylvatica Hedge Woundwort British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bland, 1994c: 81
Stachys sylvatica Hedge Woundwort British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1972b: 117

Hosts elsewhere:

Lamiaceae        
Calamintha       Spencer, 1976: 68
Galeopsis       Spencer, 1976: 68
Lamium       Spencer, 1976: 68
Nepeta       Spencer, 1990: 205
Prunella       Spencer, 1990: 205
Satureja       Spencer, 1990: 205
Stachys       Spencer, 1976: 68

Time of year - mines: August-September.

Time of year - adults: May the following year.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Widespread in Britain including Surrey (Box Hill), Oxfordshire (Bagley Wood), Huntingdonshire (Woodditton Fen), Suffolk (Barton Mills) (Spencer, 1972b: 29), Perth (Falls of Fender and Keltneyburn) (Bland, 1994c: 81) and Warwickshire (Whateley Lane) (Robbins, 1991: 102); Cambridgeshire (NBN Gateway).

NBN Grid Map:

NBN Grid Map

Ophiomyia labiatarum
NBN Grid Map : NBN Terms and Conditions

Maps are only displayed if the NBN server is active. N.B. Only publicly available records, if any, are shown by default

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe from England to Bulgaria, including Finland and Norway (Spencer, 1976: 68), Czech Republic, French mainland, Germany, Hungary, Lithuania, Poland and Slovakia (Martinez in Fauna Europaea).

Also recorded from the East Palaearctic (Martinez in Fauna Europaea) and Canada (Spencer, 1969a: 87) and the U.S.A. (Spencer, 1976: 68).

NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:

Clinopodium vulgare, Galeopsis tetrahit, Lamium album, Lamium rubrum, Stachys palustris, Stachys sylvatica

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Ichneumonoidea  
Chorebus fuscipennis (Nixon, 1937) Braconidae: Alysiinae


External links: Search the internet:
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Gateway
NHM UK Checklist
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