The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds


Ophiomyia alliariae Hering, 1957
[Diptera: Agromyzidae]

Ophiomyia alliariae Hering, 1957. Bestimm. Blattminen Europa 3: 9
Ophiomyia alliariae Hering, 1957.; Spencer, 1972b. Handbk ident. Br. Ins. 10(5g): 23 (figs. 42-43), 27
Ophiomyia alliariae Hering, 1957; Spencer, 1990. Host specialization in the World Agromyzidae (Diptera) : 83, 84 (figs 310-11), 85, 91.

Stem-mine: An external stem mine. Pupation in mine.

Larva: The larvae of flies are leg-less maggots without a head capsule (see examples). They never have thoracic or abdominal legs. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall.

The larva is described by Dempewolf (2001: 74).

Puparium: The puparia of flies are formed within the hardened last larval skin or puparium and as a result sheaths enclosing head appendages, wings and legs are not visible externally (see examples).

Hosts in Great Britain and Ireland:

Alliaria petiolata Garlic Mustard British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1972b: 115

Hosts elsewhere:

Alliaria       Spencer, 1990: 85
Alliaria petiolata Garlic Mustard British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Dempewolf, 2001: 74
Cardamine       Spencer, 1990: 85

Time of year - mines: Currently unknown.

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain and Ireland: Uncommon. London (Hampstead) (Spencer, 1972b: 27).

Distribution elsewhere: Continental Europe (Spencer, 1990: 83) including Germany (Dempewolf, 2001: 74), Czech Republic, French mainland, Lithuania, Slovakia and Spanish mainland (Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Alliaria petiolata

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Currently unknown.

External links: Search the internet:
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
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