Initially mines basal leaves of Cirsium etc., before moving
into the stem (Michael Morris, pers. comm.).
Initially mines the rosette leaves and then enters and mines the stem. Found on rough ground, grasslands, at the sides of paths, roads and in woods (British
Larva: The larvae of beetles have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles and lack abdominal legs (see examples).
Pupa: The pupae of beetles have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).
Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:
elsewhere: Currently unknown.
of year - larvae: Currently unknown.
of year - adults: Currently unknown.
in Great Britain & Ireland: Anglesey (VC52), Bedfordshire (VC30), Berkshire (VC22),
Breconshire (VC42), Caernarvonshire (VC49), Cambridgeshire (VC29), Cardiganshire (VC46), Carmarthenshire (VC44),
Cumberland (VC70), Derbyshire (VC57), Dumfriesshire (VC72), East Gloucestershire (VC33), East Kent (VC15), East Norfolk (VC27), East Suffolk (VC25), East Sussex (VC14), Flintshire (VC51), Glamorganshire (VC41), Hertfordshire (VC20), Leicestershire (VC55), Monmouthshire (VC35), Montgomeryshire (VC47), North Lincolnshire (VC54), North Wiltshire (VC7), Northamptonshire (VC32), Nottinghamshire (VC56),
Oxfordshire (VC23), Pembrokeshire (VC45), Radnorshire (VC43), Shropshire (VC40), South Hampshire (VC11),
South Lincolnshire (VC53), South-west Yorkshire (VC63), Staffordshire (VC39), Surrey (VC17), Warwickshire (VC38),
West Kent (VC16), West Norfolk (VC28), West Suffolk (VC26), West Sussex (VC13), Westmorland (VC69) and Worcestershire (VC37) (NBN
recorded in the Republic of Ireland (Alonso-Zarazaga in Fauna Europaea) and in Ireland (InvertebrateIreland Online).
NBN Grid Map:
elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria,
Belarus, Belgium, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, Estonia, Finland,
French mainland, Germany, Hungary, Italian mainland, Latvia, Moldova,
Norwegian mainland, Poland, Romania, Russia - Central, East, Northwest
and South, Slovakia, Spanish mainland, Sweden, Switzerland, The
Netherlands, Ukraine. Also recorded in East Palaearctic, Near East
and North Africa (Alonso-Zarazaga in Fauna Europaea).
NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:
British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Currently unknown.