The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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COLEOPTERA LARVAE
(examples, not to scale)

Larva : Coleoptera : Diptera : Hymenoptera : Lepidoptera
Pupa/Puparium : Coleoptera : Diptera : Hymenoptera : Lepidoptera
Diptera : Anterior spiracles : Posterior spiracles : Cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton

The larvae of beetles have at least six thoracic legs (although they may be reduced or absent), a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles but no abdominal legs.

Apteropeda orbiculata
Apteropeda orbiculata
[Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

Ceutorhynchus minutus
Ceutorhynchus minutus
[Coleoptera: Curculionidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

   
Isochnus sequensi
Isochnus sequensi
[Coleoptera: Curculionidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

Orchestes alni
Orchestes alni
[Coleoptera: Curculionidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

   
Isochnus sequensi
Isochnus sequensi
[Coleoptera: Curculionidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
Isochnus sequensi
Isochnus sequensi
[Coleoptera: Curculionidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
   

Orchestes fagi
Orchestes fagi
[Coleoptera: Curculionidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)


Orchestes pilosus
Orchestes pilosus
[Coleoptera: Curculionidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
   
Orchestes quercus
Orchestes quercus
[Coleoptera: Curculionidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
Orchestes rusci
Orchestes rusci
[Coleoptera: Curculionidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
   
Orthochaetes setiger
Orthochaetes setiger
[Coleoptera: Curculionidae]
Image: © Jean-Yves Baugnée (Bladmineerders van Europa)

Rhamphus oxyacanthae
Rhamphus oxyacanthae
[Coleoptera: Curculionidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

   
Rhamphus pulicarius
Rhamphus pulicarius
[Coleoptera: Curculionidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

Tachyerges salicis
Tachyerges salicis
[Coleoptera: Curculionidae]
Image: © Rob Edmunds (Bladmineerders van Europa)

   



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