The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds


Ochsenheimeria vacculella Fischer von Röslerstamm, 1842
[Lepidoptera: Ypsolophidae]

Cereal Stem Moth

Ochsenheimeria vacculella Fischer von Röslerstamm, 1842. Stett. ent. Ztg. 209: 213.

Leaf-mine and Stem-borer: The first instar lave mines in a leaf; after that it lives as a stem borer (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Adult: The adult is illustrated in UKMoths and the Encyclopedia of Life. The species is included in

Hosts in Great Britain and Ireland:


Hosts elsewhere:

Elytrigia cristatum   Bladmineerders van Europa
Bromus erectus   British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Bromopsis inermis Hungarian Brome British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Phleum pratense Timothy British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Poa       Bladmineerders van Europa
Secale cereale Rye   Bladmineerders van Europa
Triticum aestivum     Bladmineerders van Europa

Comments: Recorded on 'grasses' by Plant in Pitkin & Plant, 2005.

Time of year - larvae: Currently unknown.

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain and Ireland: Britain including Caernarvonshire, Derbyshire, Dorset, East Kent, East Suffolk, Hertfordshire, Montgomeryshire, North Essex, North Somerset, North Northumberland, South Aberdeenshire, South Essex, Stafford and Worcestershire (NBN Atlas).

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, Estonia, Finland, French mainland, Germany, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Russia - Central, East, Northwest and South, Slovakia, Spanish mainland, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands and Ukraine (Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Host species unknown

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Currently unknown.

External links: Search the internet:
Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
Find using Google
Find using Google Scholar
Find images using Google

XHTML Validator
Last updated 27-Jun-2019  Brian Pitkin Top of page