The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds


Bohemannia quadrimaculella (Boheman, 1853)
[Lepidoptera: Nepticulidae]

Four-spot Pigmy

Nepticula quadrimaculella Boheman, 1853. Ent. Ant. Södr. Sverige: 167
Bucculatrix antispilella Meess, 1910
Bohemannia quadrimaculella
(Boheman, 1853).

Bud and twig bark miner: Mine in buds or twig bark (British leafminers).

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Adult: The adult is illustrated in UKMoths. The species is included in

Hosts in Great Britain and Ireland:

Alnus       Pitkin & Plant
Alnus glutinosa Alder British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. British leafminers

Hosts elsewhere:

Alnus glutinosa Alder British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Belgian Lepidoptera

Time of year - larvae: Currently unknown.

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain and Ireland: Britain including Dorset, Durham, East Cornwall, East Norfolk, East Suffolk, Glamorgan, Hertfordshire, Kirkudbrightshire, Leicestershire, North Somerset, Shropshire, Stafford and West Norfolk (NBN Atlas).

Also recorded in the Republic of Ireland (Fauna Europaea and National Biodiversity Data Centre Map).

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria, Belgium, Danish mainland, French mainland, Germany, Norwegian mainland, Romania, Sweden and The Netherlands (Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Alnus glutinosa

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Currently unknown.

External links: Search the internet:

Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist

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Last updated 25-Jun-2019  Brian Pitkin Top of page