The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds


NEOTTIA. Bird's-nest Orchid. [Orchidaceae]

Bird's-nest Orchid, (N. nidus-avis) is the only species of Neottia recorded in Britain. It is protected in Northern Ireland under Schedule 8 of the Wildlife (Northern Ireland) Order, 1985.

Listera ovata is treated as Neottia ovata by Stace (2010).

Ony one British miner is recorded on Neottia.

A key to the European miners recorded on Neottia is provided in Bladmineerders van Europa.

Key for the identification of the known mines of British
insects (Diptera and non-Diptera) recorded on Neottia

1 > Leaf-miner: The mine begins as a fine corridor, descends into the leaf sheath or stem, re-enters from there a few more times in the blade. Pupation in the tuber. Ofen the inflorescence of infested plants will wilt.

On Cephalanthera damasonium, Epipactis helleborine, Epipactis purpurata, Neottia and Orchis in Britain. Elsewhere on Dactylorhiza, Epipactis, Himantoglossum and Orchis. Widespread in England and Wales. Also recorded in the Republic of Ireland. Widespread in continental Europe.

Chyliza vittata Meigen, 1826 [Diptera: Psilidae].

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