The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds


MENYANTHES. Bogbean. [Menyanthaceae]

Bogbean (M. trifoliata) is the only species of Menyanthes recorded in Britain. It is a native species.

Only one British miner is recorded on Menyanthes.

A key to the European miners recorded on Menyanthes is provided in Bladmineerders van Europa.

Bogbean - Menyanthes trifoliata. Image: © Brian Pitkin
Menyanthes trifoliata

Key for the identification of the known mines of British
insects (Diptera and non-Diptera) recorded on Menyanthes

1 > Leaf-miner: Full depth, initially a much branched corridor, irregular in width, in the end almost a blotch. The mine has openings by which part of the frass is ejected. The larvae frequently leave the mine to restart elsewhere. Older larva live free and cause window feeding, often erasing their old mines. In Coltsfoot also pseudo-mines are made, when the larva eats away the lower epidermis with the leaf tissue, but spares the dense hair cover.

On Ranunculus, but not yet on Menyanthes, in Britain and numerous genera and species in several families elsewhere, including Adoxa. Distribution in Britain unknown. Widespread in continental Europe.

Phytosciara halterata Lengersdorf, 1926 [Diptera: Sciaridae].

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