The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds


MAIANTHEMUM. Asparagaceae]

Two species of Maianthemum, the native May Lily (M. bifolium) and introduced False Lily-of-the-valley (L. kamtschaticum) are recorded in Britain.

Only one British miners is recorded on Maianthemum.

A key to the European miners recorded on Maianthemum is provided in Bladmineerders van Europa.

Key for the identification of the known mines of British
insects (Diptera and non-Diptera) recorded on Maianthemum

1 > Leaf-miner: Large blotch with a group of some larvae. At the start of the mine a group of elliptic egg shells.

Forms large blotch mines (as shown). The larval development is rapid (taking only 13 days). The puparial stage then lasts for around 348 days, with adults emerging in May and June.

Mine of Americina vittata on Paris quadrifolia. Mine of Americina vittata on Paris quadrifolia
Mine of Paralleloma paridis on Paris quadrifolia
Image: © Brian Pitkin

On Paris and Polygonatum, but not yet on Maianthemum, in Britain. On Convallaria, Maianthemum, Paris, Plantanthera and Polygonatum eslewhere. Widespread in Britain and continental Europe. Also recorded from the Nearctic region

Parallelomma paridis (Hering, 1923) [Diptera: Scathophagidae].

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