The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds


HIMANTOGLOSSUM. Lizard orchid. [Orchidaceae]

Only one species of Himantoglossum is recorded in Britain - Lizard Orchid (H. hircinum). It is a native species and is protected under Schedule 8 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act, 1981.

Only one British miner is recorded on Himantoglossum.

A key to the European miners recorded on Himantoglossum is provided in Bladmineerders van Europa.

Lizard Orchid - Himantoglossum hircinum. Image: © Brian Pitkin
Lizard Orchid
Himantoglossum hircinum

Key for the identification of the known mines of British
insects (Diptera and non-Diptera) recorded on Himantoglossum

1 > Leaf-miner: The mine begins as a fine corridor, descends into the leaf sheath or stem, re-enters from there a few more times in the blade. Pupation in the tuber. Ofen the inflorescence of infested plants will wilt.

On Cephalanthera damasonium, Epipactis helleborine, Epipactis purpurata, Neottia and Orchis, but not yet on Himantoglossum, in Britain. Elsewhere on Dactylorhiza, Epipactis, Himantoglossum and Orchis. Widespread in England and Wales. Also recorded in the Republic of Ireland. Widespread in continental Europe.

Chyliza vittata Meigen, 1826 [Diptera: Psilidae].

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