The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds


CONVALLARIA. Lily-of-the-valley. [Asparagaceae]

Only ones species of Convallaria is recorded in Britain, the native Lily-of-the-valley (C. majalis).

Only one British miner is recorded onConvallaria.

A key to the European miners recorded on Convallaria is provided in Bladmineerders van Europa.

Lily-of-the valley - Convallaria majalis
Lily-of-the valley
Convallaria majalis

Key for the identification of the known mines of British
insects (Diptera and non-Diptera) recorded on Convallaria

1 > Leaf-miner: Large blotch with a group of some larvae. At the start of the mine a group of elliptic egg shells.

Forms large blotch mines (as shown). The larval development is rapid (taking only 13 days). The puparial stage then lasts for around 348 days, with adults emerging in May and June.

Mine of Americina vittata on Paris quadrifolia. Mine of Americina vittata on Paris quadrifolia
Mine of Paralleloma paridis on Paris quadrifolia
Image: © Brian Pitkin

On Paris and Polygonatum, but not yet on Convallaria, in Britain. On Convallaria, Maianthemum, Paris, Plantanthera and Polygonatum eslewhere. Widespread in Britain and continental Europe. Also recorded from the Nearctic region

Parallelomma paridis (Hering, 1923) [Diptera: Scathophagidae].

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