The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds


CONSOLIDA. Delphinium and Eastern Larkspur. [Ranunculaceae]

Three species of Consolida are recorded in Britain.

Only one British miners are recorded on Consolida.

A key to the European miners recorded on Delphinium including Consolida is provided in Bladmineerders van Europa.

Key for the identification of the known mines of British
insects (Diptera and non-Diptera) recorded on Consolida

1 > Leaf-miner: Larvae feeding communally, as many as six together, forming large blackish blotch (Spencer, 1972: 77). Large, greyish-brown, upper-surface blotch, mostly near the tip of a leaflet, without a preceding corridor. Primary feeding lines conspicuous. Several larvae share a mine. Pupation outside the mine. Exit slit in upper epidermis (Pakalniskis, 2004a).

On Aconitum and Delphinium, but not yet on Consolida, in Britain and elsewhere. Widespread in gardens in Britain and elsewhere. Also recorded in the eastern U.S.A. and Canada

Phytomyza aconiti Hendel, 1920 [Diptera: Agromyzidae].

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