The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Profenusa pygmaea (Klug, 1816)
[Tenthredinidae]


Tenthredo pygmaea Klug, 1816 [not 1814].
Profenusa pygmaea
(Klug, 1816) [not 1814].
Fenusa pygmaea
(Klug, 1816) [not 1814]
Fenusella pygmaea (Klug, 1816)
Gunnea pygmaea (Klug, 1816) [not 1814]
Phaenusa pygmaea (Klug, 1816)
Phoenusa pygmaea (Klug, 1816)
Tenthredo (Allantus) pygmaea Klug, 1816 [not 1814].
Tenthredo (Selandria) pygmaea
Klug, 1816
Emphytus (Fenusa) pygmaeus (Klug, 1816).


Leaf miner: Upper surface blotch, often rather narrow where it begins, but without a real initial corridor. Frass in gradually larger grains scattered in the mine. Never more than one larva in a mine. Pupation outside the mine (Bladmineerders van Europa).

The mine is also illustrated in British leafminers.

Larva: The larvae of sawflies have a head capsule, chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles, six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (although they may be reduced) (see examples).

The larva is illustrated in British leafminers and Bladmineerders van Europa.

Pupa: The pupae of sawflies have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths.

Adult: Details unknown.

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Fagaceae        
Quercus       British leafminers
Quercus petraea Sessile Oak British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Quercus robur Pedunculate Oak British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant

The record on Castanea (British leafminers) requires confirmation.

Hosts elsewhere:

Fagaceae        
Castanea sativa Horse chestnut British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Quercus austriaca     Bladmineerders van Europa
Quercus cerris Turkey Oak British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Quercus dalechampii     Bladmineerders van Europa
Quercus macrolepis     Bladmineerders van Europa
Quercus petraea Sessile Oak British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Quercus pubescens Downy Oak   Bladmineerders van Europa
Quercus robur Pedunculate Oak British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - larvae: Univoltine: summer (British leafminers).

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Comments: Full synonymy and references are listed in ECatSym - Electronic World Catalog of Symphyta.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Widespread (British leafminers) including Bedfordshire (VC30), Derbyshire (VC57), Dorset (VC9), East Cornwall (VC2), East Ross (VC106), East Sutherland (VC107), Hertfordshire (VC20), Huntingdonshire (VC31), Mid-west Yorkshire (VC64), Middlesex (VC21), Monmouthshire (VC35), North Ebudes (VC104), North Hampshire (VC12), North Lincolnshire (VC54), North Somerset (VC6), North Wiltshire (VC7), North-west Yorkshire (VC65), South Wiltshire (VC8), South-east Yorkshire (VC61), South-west Yorkshire (VC63), Surrey (VC17), Warwickshire (VC38), West Ross, West Sussex (VC13), West Sutherland and Worcestershire (VC37) (NBN Gateway).

Also recorded in the Republic of Ireland (van Achterberg in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Grid Map:

NBN Grid Map

Profenusa pygmaea
NBN Grid Map : NBN Terms and Conditions

Maps are only displayed if the NBN server is active. N.B. Only publicly available records, if any, are shown by default

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, Estonia, Finland, French mainland, Germany, Hungary, Italian mainland, Latvia, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Spanish mainland, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands and Ukraine (van Achterberg in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:

Castanea sativa, Quercus cerris, Quercus petraea, Quercus robur

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Chalcidoidea  
Chrysocharis eurynota Graham, 1963 Eulophidae: Entedoninae
Closterocerus trifasciatus Westwood, 1833 Eulophidae: Entedoninae
Cirrospilus diallus Walker, 1838 Eulophidae: Eulophinae
Cirrospilus vittatus Walker, 1838 Eulophidae: Eulophinae
Ichneumonoidea  
Shawiana catenator (Haliday, 1836) Braconidae: Exothecinae
Lathrolestes pictilis (Holmgren, 1857) Ichneumonidae: Euryproctinae
Lathrolestes ungularis (Thomson, 1883) Ichneumonidae: Euryproctinae
Scambus inanis (Schrank, 1802) Ichneumonidae: Pimplinae
Grypocentrus apicalis Thomson, 1883 Ichneumonidae: Tryphoniinae


External links: Search the internet:
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Gateway
NHM UK Checklist
Find using Google
Find using Google Scholar
Find images using Google


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Last updated 12-Sep-2016  Brian Pitkin Top of page