The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Syncopacma vinella (Bankes, 1898)
[Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae]


Syncopacma vinella (Bankes, 1898)


Leaf-miner/Leaf-spinner: The larvae feed between spun leaves and often mine them. The mine is illustrated in British leafminers.

The larva spins a number of leaflets together. Within this protection it bites a hole in the epidermis of the basal part of a leaflet, then mines it out almost completely (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Larva: The larva is illustrated in British leafminers. Described by Bankes (1899a) and Bland, Heckford & Langmaid (2002a); Beavan & Heckford (2014a) present a picture. Body varying from dull white to almost black. Head brown, prothoracal plate from brownish to black; pinacula, anal plate and feet shining black. The chaetotaxy is described by Baran (2002a) (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Pupa: Cremaster pointed, with a good many of pale yellowish hooked bristles (Bankes, 1899a; Patočka & Turčáni, 2005a) (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Adult: The adult is not illustrated in UKMoths (check for update). The genitalia are not illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group (check for update).

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Fabaceae        
Genista tinctoria Dyer's Greenweed   British leafminers

Hosts elsewhere:

Fabaceae        
Genista tinctoria Dyer's Greenweed   Bladmineerders van Europa
Medicago falcata     Bladmineerders van Europa
Medicago sativa Lucerne British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Trifolium pratense Red Clover British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - larvae: April-June; October, November (hibernating until Spring) (British leafminers and (Bland, Heckford & Langmaid, 2002a).

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: It was previously known from four or possibly five sites in the British Isles, all in West and East Sussex (VC 13 and 14 respectively). The last record was in 1990. It was then thought extinct In 2013 it was rediscovered on the Isle of Wight (VC10). Further searches in 2014 found this species in two further localities on the island. (Beavan & Heckford, 2014, Syncopacma vinella (Bankes, 1898) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) rediscovered in the British Isles, on the Isle of Wight (VC10), Entomologist’s Gazette 65: 209–214) (British leafminers).

NBN Grid Map:

NBN Grid Map

Syncopacma vinella
NBN Grid Map : NBN Terms and Conditions

Maps are only displayed if the NBN server is active. N.B. Only publicly available records, if any, are shown by default

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, Germany, Italian mainland, Poland, Romania, Russia - Central, East and South, Sardinia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Sweden, The Netherlands and Ukraine (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:

Genista tinctoria

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Currently unknown.



External links: Search the internet:
Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Gateway
NHM UK Checklist
UKMoths
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Last updated 05-Dec-2015  Brian Pitkin Top of page