The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Stigmella splendidissimella (Herrich-Schäffer, 1855)
[Lepidoptera: Nepticulidae]

Glossy Bramble Pigmy


Nepticula splendidissimella Herrich-Schäffer, 1855. Syst. Bearb. Schmett. Europe. 5: 353.
Nepticula dulcella
Heinemann, 1862. Wien. ent. Monats. 6: 267.
Stigmella splendidissimella
(Herrich-Schäffer, 1855).


Leaf-miner: A long sinuous gallery with narrow frass-line (British leafminers).

Oviposition generally at the leaf upper side, not especially close to a vein. From there a long and slender corridor starts, with frass usually in a narrow central line. The corridor often crosses itself, but rarely a thick vein (Bladmineerders van Europa).

The mine is also illustrated in the Encyclopedia of Life.

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

The larva is yellow, head pale brown (British leafminers). The larva is also described and illustrated in Bladmineerders van Europa.

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Adult: The adult is not illustrated in UKMoths (check for update). The genitalia are not illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group (check for update).

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Rosaceae        
Agrimonia       British leafminers
Agrimonia eupatoria Agrimony British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Filipendula ulmaria Meadowsweet British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Fragaria vesca Wild Strawberry British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. British leafminers
Fragaria vesca Wild Strawberry British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Geum       British leafminers
Geum       Pitkin & Plant
Potentilla anserina Silverweed British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Rubus       British leafminers
Rubus fruticosus Bramble / Blackberry   Pitkin & Plant
Rubus loganobaccus Loganberry British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Rubus saxatilis Stone Bramble British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant

Hosts elsewhere:

Rosaceae        
Agrimonia       Bladmineerders van Europa
Filipendula       Bladmineerders van Europa
Fragaria       Bladmineerders van Europa
Geum urbanum Wood Avens British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Potentilla anserina Silverweed British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Rubus caesius Dewberry British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Rubus fruticosus Bramble / Blackberry   Bladmineerders van Europa
Rubus idaeus Raspberry   Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - larvae: May - June, August - September (British leafminers).

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Britain including Bedfordshire (VC30), Breconshire (VC42), Buckinghamshire (VC24), Cambridgeshire (VC29), Carmarthenshire (VC44), Derbyshire (VC57), East Kent (VC15), East Norfolk (VC27), East Suffolk (VC25), Easterness (VC96), Glamorganshire (VC41), Haddington, Herefordshire (VC36), Hertfordshire (VC20), Huntingdonshire (VC31), Middlesex (VC21), Monmouthshire (VC35), North Devon (VC4), North Essex (VC19), North Hampshire (VC12), North Somerset (VC6), North Wiltshire (VC7), Shropshire (VC40), South Hampshire (VC11), South Wiltshire (VC8), Staffordshire (VC39), Surrey (VC17), Warwickshire (VC38), West Gloucestershire (VC34), West Norfolk (VC28), West Suffolk (VC26) and Worcestershire (VC37) (NBN Gateway).

See also British leafminers distribution map.

Also recorded in the Republic of Ireland (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea). See also Ireland's NBDC interactive map.

NBN Grid Map:

NBN Grid Map

Stigmella splendidissimella
NBN Grid Map : NBN Terms and Conditions

Maps are only displayed if the NBN server is active. N.B. Only publicly available records, if any, are shown by default

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, Estonia, Finland, French mainland, Germany, Hungary, Italian mainland, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Norwegian mainland, Poland, Romania, Russia - Northwest, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands, Ukraine and Yugoslavia (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:

Agrimonia eupatoria, Filipendula ulmaria, Fragaria vesca, Geum urbanum, Potentilla anserina, Rubus caesius, Rubus fruticosus, Rubus idaeus, Rubus loganobaccus, Rubus saxatilis

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Chalcidoidea  
Chrysocharis nitetis (Walker, 1939) Eulophidae: Entedoninae
Chrysocharis pubicornis (Zetterstedt, 1838) Eulophidae: Entedoninae
Chrysocharis nitidifrons Graham, 1963 Eulophidae: Entedoninae
Chrysocharis prodice (Walker, 1839) Eulophidae: Entedoninae
Ichneumonoidea  
Coloneura stylata Förster, 1862 Braconidae: Alysiinae
Colastes braconius Haliday, 1833 Braconidae: Exothecinae
Gnamptodon decoris (Förster, 1862) Braconidae: Gnamptodontinae
Gnamptodon pumilio (Nees, 1834) Braconidae: Gnamptodontinae


External links: Search the internet:
Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Gateway
NHM UK Checklist
UKMoths
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Last updated 15-Sep-2016  Brian Pitkin Top of page