The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Scrobipalpa costella (Humphreys & Westwood, 1845)
[Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae]

Winter Groundling


Anacampsis costella Humphreys & Westwood, 1845. Brit. Moths 2: 192.
Scrobipalpa costella
(Humphreys and Westwood, 1845).


Leaf-miner: Young larvae bore in the midrib that turns somewhat pale and translucent; from here they make rather small, brownish, wrinkled, not very transparant blotches. Later they can make blotches that extend further from the midrib, but often that rather soon take on a boring habit, or start to live freely upon the plant. Pupation external (Bladmineerders van Europa).

The mine also is illustrated in UKMoths and British leafminers.

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

The larva is illustrated in UKMoths and Bladmineerders van Europa.

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

The pupa is illustrated in UKMoths.

Adult: The adult is illustrated in UKMoths. The male and female gentialia are illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group.

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Solanaceae        
Solanum dulcamara Bittersweet / Woody Nightshade British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. British leafminers
Solanum dulcamara Bittersweet / Woody Nightshade British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Solanum dulcamara Bittersweet / Woody Nightshade British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. UKMoths

Hosts elsewhere:

Solanaceae        
Solanum dulcamara Bittersweet / Woody Nightshade British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - larvae: May, August, September, December (British leafminers); Mid-September to May-June (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Time of year - adults: The moth emerges late in the season, from September onwards. The adult flies at night. It is attracted to light and spends the winter as an adult (UKMoths).

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Fairly common species throughout much of Britain (UKMoths) including Bedfordshire (VC30), Berkshire (VC22), Breconshire (VC42), Caernarvonshire (VC49), Cambridgeshire (VC29), Cheshire (VC58), Cumberland (VC70), Denbighshire (VC50), Derbyshire (VC57), Dorset (VC9), East Cornwall (VC2), East Kent (VC15), East Norfolk (VC27), East Suffolk (VC25), Glamorganshire (VC41), Herefordshire (VC36), Hertfordshire (VC20), Huntingdonshire (VC31), Kincardineshire (VC91), Middlesex (VC21), North Aberdeenshire (VC93), North Devon. North Essex. North Hampshire (VC12), North Somerset (VC6), North Wiltshire (VC7), Shropshire (VC40), South Devon (VC3), South Lancashire (VC59), South Somerset (VC5), South Wiltshire (VC8), Staffordshire (VC39), Surrey (VC17), Warwickshire (VC38), West Cornwall (VC1), West Gloucestershire (VC34), West Kent (VC16), West Norfolk (VC28), West Ross, West Suffolk (VC26), Westmorland (VC69) and Worcestershire (VC37) (NBN Gateway) and the Channel Is. (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

In woodland and damp areas where the foodplant is found (UKMoths).

Also recorded in the Republic of Ireland (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea). See also Ireland's NBDC interactive map.

NBN Grid Map:

NBN Grid Map

Scrobipalpa costella
NBN Grid Map : NBN Terms and Conditions

Maps are only displayed if the NBN server is active. N.B. Only publicly available records, if any, are shown by default

Distribution elsewhere: Continental Europe including Belgium, Danish mainland, French mainland and The Netherlands (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:

Solanum dulcamara

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Ichneumonoidea  
Meteorus ictericus (Nees, 1811) Braconidae: Meteorinae


External links: Search the internet:
Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Gateway
NHM UK Checklist
UKMoths
Find using Google
Find using Google Scholar
Find images using Google


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Last updated 17-Jun-2016  Brian Pitkin Top of page