Leaf-miner: The small larvae leaf-mining at first, and later living externaly
in a silken web (UKMoths).
young larva makes a full depth blotch. Most frass is ejected by
a slit in the epidermis. Later the larva life free in a web, often
communally (Agassiz, 1996a) (Bladmineerders van Europa).
Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).
Body dull yellowish, dorsal line yellowish green, a subdorsal
line of dull red dots. Head pale yellowish (Agassiz, 1996a) (Bladmineerders van Europa).
Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).
See Patocka and Turcáni (2005a) (Bladmineerders van Europa).
The adult is illustrated in UKMoths.
genitalia are illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group.
Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:
of year - larvae:
July - September (Bladmineerders van Europa).
of year - adults: Flying in May and June, the adults are sometimes
attracted to light (UKMoths).
in Great Britain & Ireland: Distributed throughout most
of Britain (UKMoths)
including Bedfordshire (VC30), Caernarvonshire (VC49), Cambridgeshire (VC29), Cheshire (VC58),
Derbyshire (VC57), Dorset (VC9), East Cornwall (VC2), East Kent (VC15), East Norfolk (VC27), East Suffolk (VC25), Glamorganshire (VC41), Herefordshire (VC36), Huntingdonshire (VC31), Merionethshire (VC48),
North Essex (VC19), North Somerset (VC6), North Wiltshire (VC7), Northamptonshire (VC32),
Shropshire (VC40), South Aberdeenshire (VC92), South Devon (VC3), South Somerset (VC5), South Wiltshire (VC8),
Staffordshire (VC39), West Cornwall (VC1), West Gloucestershire (VC34), West Kent (VC16), West Norfolk (VC28), West Suffolk (VC26) and Worcestershire (VC37) (NBN
Gateway), the Channel Is. (Karsholt
and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).
recorded in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland (Karsholt and van Nieukerken
in Fauna Europaea). See also Ireland's NBDC interactive map.
NBN Grid Map:
NBN Grid Map : NBN Terms and Conditions
Maps are only displayed if the NBN server is active. N.B. Only publicly available records, if any, are shown by default
elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria,
Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, French mainland,
Germany, Hungary, Italian mainland, Macedonia, Norwegian mainland,
Poland, Romania, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, Spanish mainland, Sweden,
Switzerland, The Netherlands and Ukraine (Karsholt and van Nieukerken
in Fauna Europaea).
NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:
British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: