The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

Join us on Facebook

Phyllonorycter scabiosella (Douglas, 1853)
[Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae]

Surrey Midget


Lithocolletis scabiosella Douglas, 1853. Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. (2) 2: 121 t. 13 fig. 2.
Phyllonorycter scabiosella
(Douglas, 1853).


Leaf-miner: Large, lower-surface tentiform mine with several folds that cause the leaf to contract strongly. Leaf around the mine often coloured violet. Pupa in a cocoon, frass in a corner of the mine. Mainly on seedlings and ground leaves (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Adult: The adult is not illustrated in UKMoths (check for update). The genitalia are not illustrated by the Lepdiptera Dissection Group (check for update).

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Dipsacaceae        
Scabiosa columbaria Small Scabious British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Scabiosa columbaria Small Scabious British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. British leafminers

Hosts elsewhere:

Dipsacaceae        
Scabiosa columbaria Small Scabious British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - larvae: July - August and overwintering October-April (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Britain including North Somerset and West Gloucestershire
(NBN Gateway).

See also British leafminers distribution map.

NBN Grid Map:

NBN Grid Map

Phyllonorycter scabiosella
NBN Grid Map : NBN Terms and Conditions

Maps are only displayed if the NBN server is active. N.B. Only publicly available records, if any, are shown by default

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria, Czech Republic, French mainland, Germany, Italian mainland, Poland, Russia - South, Slovakia, Spanish mainland, Switzerland, The Netherlands and Ukraine (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:

Scabiosa columbaria

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Ichneumonoidea  
Encrateola laevigata (Ratzeburg, 1848) Ichneumonidae: Cryptinae


External links: Search the internet:
Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Gateway
NHM UK Checklist
UKMoths
Find using Google
Find using Google Scholar
Find images using Google


XHTML Validator
Last updated 30-Jul-2016  Brian Pitkin Top of page