Leaf-miner: The mine is upper side, over veins. Silvery, with brown speckling,
later contracting to cause leaf to fold upwards (British
tentiform mine. The early mine is roundish, silvery, flat, and lies
centered over a side vein. The older mine strongly contracts and
sometimes almost doubles the leaf (Bladmineerders van Europa).
leaf-mine is also illustrated in UKMoths,
as Phyllonorycter quinnata.
Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).
The posterior abdomen is illustrated in Bladmineerders van Europa.
Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).
See Gregor and Patočka (2001a) and Patočka and Turčáni (2005a) for a description of the pupa. The cocoon and pupa are illustrated in British
leafminers. The cremaster is illustrated in Bladmineerders van Europa.
The adult is illustrated in UKMoths (as Phyllonorycter quinnata). The male
genitalia, but not the female genitalia (check for update), are illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group.
Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:
of year - larvae: July, September - October (British
of year - adults: The adults emerge, like many other Phyllonorycter
species, in May and again in August as a second brood (UKMoths,
as Phyllonorycter quinnata (Stainton, 1851)).
in Great Britain & Ireland: A local species, mainly found
in the south and south-east of England northwards to the midlands
and South York, the most northerly record to date (UKMoths,
as Phyllonorycter quinnata) including, Bedfordshire (VC30), Cambridgeshire (VC29),
Denbighshire (VC50), Derbyshire (VC57), East Kent (VC15), East Norfolk (VC27), East Suffolk (VC25), Hertfordshire (VC20), Middlesex (VC21), North Essex (VC19), North Hampshire (VC12), North Somerset (VC6),
North Wiltshire (VC7), South Lancashire (VC59), South Wiltshire (VC8), Staffordshire (VC39), Surrey (VC17),
West Gloucestershire (VC34), West Kent (VC16), West Norfolk (VC28), West Suffolk (VC26) and
Worcestershire (VC37) (NBN
Gateway, as Phyllonorycter quinnata (Geoffroy, 1785)). See also British
leafminers distribution map.
NBN Grid Map: as Phyllonorycter quinnata
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elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Albania,
Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Danish mainland,
French mainland, Germany, Greek mainland, Hungary, Italian mainland,
Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Slovakia,
Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands, Ukraine and Yugoslavia (Karsholt
and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).
recorded in Near East (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).
NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:
British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: