The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Parapoynx stratiotata (Linnaeus, 1758)
[Lepidoptera: Crambidae]

Ringed China-mark


Phalaena stratiotata Linnaeus, 1758. Syst. Nat. 10: 529.
Parapoynx stratiotata
(Linnaeus, 1758).


Leaf-spinner: The larva feeds below the surface of the water between spun leaves of several aquatic plant (Belgian Lepidoptera).

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Pupation takes place in a large, pinkish, oval cocoon attached to a stem or debris (Belgian Lepidoptera).

Adult: The adult is illustrated in UKMoths (by Keith Dover) and Belgian Lepidoptera. The male and female genitalia are illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group.

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Ceratophyllaceae        
Ceratophyllum demersum Rigid Hornwort   Pitkin & Plant
Hydrocharitaceae        
Elodea       Pitkin & Plant
Nymphaeaceae        
Nuphar lutea Yellow Water-lily British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant

Hosts elsewhere:

Ceratophyllaceae        
Ceratophyllum demersum Rigid Hornwort   Belgian Lepidoptera
Hydrocharitaceae        
Elodea       Belgian Lepidoptera
Nymphaeaceae        
Nuphar lutea Yellow Water-lily British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Belgian Lepidoptera
Potamogetonaceae        
Potamogeton       Belgian Lepidoptera

Time of year - larvae: Currently unknown.

Time of year - adults: Flies from June to August, being attracted to light (UKMoths).

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Found locally in suitable habitat mainly in the southern half of Britain (UKMoths) including Anglesey (VC52), Bedfordshire (VC30), Buckinghamshire (VC24), Cambridgeshire (VC29), Cheshire (VC58), Denbighshire (VC50), Derbyshire (VC57), East Cornwall (VC2), East Kent (VC15), East Norfolk (VC27), East Suffolk (VC25), Glamorganshire (VC41), Herefordshire (VC36), Hertfordshire (VC20), Huntingdonshire (VC31), Leicestershire (VC55), Middlesex (VC21), North Devon (VC4), North Essex (VC19), North Somerset (VC6), North Wiltshire (VC7), Shropshire (VC40), South Devon (VC3), South Essex (VC18), South Hampshire (VC11), South Wiltshire (VC8), Staffordshire (VC39), Surrey (VC17), West Cornwall (VC1), West Gloucestershire (VC34), West Norfolk (VC28), West Suffolk (VC26) and Worcestershire (VC37) (NBN Gateway).

Also recorded in the Republic of Ireland (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea). See also Ireland's NBDC interactive map.

NBN Grid Map:

NBN Grid Map

Parapoynx stratiotata
NBN Grid Map : NBN Terms and Conditions

Maps are only displayed if the NBN server is active. N.B. Only publicly available records, if any, are shown by default

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria, Balearic Is., Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Corsica, Croatia, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, Estonia, Finland, French mainland, Germany, Greek mainland, Hungary, Italian mainland, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Norwegian mainland, Poland, Portuguese mainland, Romania, Russia - Central, East and South, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, Spanish mainland, Sweden, Switzerland and The Netherlands (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:

Ceratophyllum demersum, Nuphar lutea

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Ichneumonoidea  
Apsilops cinctorius (Fabricius 1775) Ichneumonidae: Cryptinae


External links: Search the internet:
Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Gateway
NHM UK Checklist
UKMoths
Find using Google
Find using Google Scholar
Find images using Google


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Last updated 22-Jul-2016  Brian Pitkin Top of page