The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Leucoptera spartifoliella (Hübner, 1813)
[Lepidoptera: Lyonetiidae]

Broom Bent-wing


Tinea spartifoliella Hübner, 1813. Europ. Schmett. Tinea: 49
Leucoptera spartifoliella
(Hübner, 1813); Hübner, 1825. Verz. bekannt. Schmett.: 426.


Bark-miner: A gallery in the bark of the food plant generally mining upwards, similar to that of Trifurcula immundella, which usually mines downwards (British leafminers).

The mines are very hard to detect, but in late spring, the small white pupal cocoons are easy to spot among the dark stems (UKMoths).

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Pupation in a white silken cocoon attached to a stem (British leafminers). The cocoon is also illustrated in UKMoths.

Adult: The adult is illustrated in UKMoths. The male and female genitalia are illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group.

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Fabaceae        
Cytisus       British leafminers
Cytisus scoparius Broom British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. UKMoths
Genista tinctoria Dyer's Greenweed British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. British leafminers

Hosts elsewhere: Currently unknown.

Time of year - larvae: September-May (British leafminers).

Time of year - adults: The adults fly during June and July (UKMoths).

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Widespread and common throughout the whole of Britain (UKMoths) including Anglesey (VC52), Ayrshire (VC74), Banffshire (VC94), Bedfordshire (VC30), Caernarvonshire (VC49), Cheshire (VC58), Denbighshire (VC50), Derbyshire (VC57), East Kent (VC15), East Norfolk (VC27), East Ross (VC106), East Suffolk (VC25), Easterness (VC96), Elgin, Flintshire (VC51), Glamorganshire (VC41), Herefordshire (VC36), Kincardineshire (VC91), North Aberdeenshire (VC93), North Essex (VC19), Pembrokeshire (VC45), Shropshire (VC40), South Aberdeenshire (VC92), South Lancashire (VC59), Staffordshire (VC39), Surrey (VC17), West Gloucestershire (VC34), West Norfolk (VC28), West Suffolk (VC26), Westmorland (VC69) and Worcestershire (VC37) (NBN Gateway).

See also British leafminers distribution map.

Also recorded in the Republic of Ireland (NBDC interactive map).

NBN Grid Map:

NBN Grid Map

Leucoptera spartifoliella
NBN Grid Map : NBN Terms and Conditions

Maps are only displayed if the NBN server is active. N.B. Only publicly available records, if any, are shown by default

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, Estonia, French mainland, Germany, Hungary, Italian mainland, Luxembourg, Poland, Portuguese mainland, Romania, Russia - Northwest, Sicily, Slovakia, Spanish mainland, Sweden, Switzerland and The Netherlands. Also recorded in the Nearctic region and Australian region (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:

Cytisus scoparius, Genista tinctoria

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Chalcidoidea  
Entedon parvicalcar Thomson, 1878 Eulophidae: Entedoninae
Baryscapus adalia (Walker 1839) Eulophidae: Tetrastichinae
Baryscapus evonymellae (Bouché, 1834) Eulophidae: Tetrastichinae
Baryscapus spartifoliellae Graham, 1991 Eulophidae: Tetrastichinae
Ichneumonoidea  
Gelis trux (Förster, 1850) Ichneumonidae: Cryptinae


External links: Search the internet:

Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Gateway
NHM UK Checklist
UKMoths

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Last updated 16-Sep-2016  Brian Pitkin Top of page