The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Heliozela sericiella (Haworth, 1828)
[Lepidoptera: Heliozelidae]

Oak Satin Lift


Tinea sericiella Haworth, 1828. Lep. Brit.: 585.
Aechmia saltatricella
Fischer von Röslerstamm, 1841. Microlep.: 249, pl. 43 fig. 3.
Aechmia stanneella
Fischer von Röslerstamm, 1841
Heliozela sericiella
(Haworth, 1828).


Gall-former: A gall in petiole or midrib leads to an oval blotch then cut-out at base of leaf (British leafminers).

The larva bores in the petiole, or even in the bark of a twig. Its activity causes the petiole to swell gall-like. When almost full grown the larva moves through the midrib a short distance into the blade. Here a small blotch is made, from which an oval excision is cut, of c. 2-3 x 4-5 mm. Thus sandwiched it drops to the ground and pupates, awaiting hibernation (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

The biology and morphology of all stages are extensively discussed by Prota (1962a) (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Adult: The adult is not illustrated in UKMoths (check for update). The male and female genitalia are illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group.

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Fagaceae        
Quercus       British leafminers
Quercus ilex Evergreen Oak British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Quercus petraea Sessile Oak British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Quercus robur Pedunculate Oak British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant

Hosts elsewhere:

Fagaceae        
Quercus petraea Sessile Oak British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Quercus pubescens Downy Oak   Bladmineerders van Europa
Quercus robur Pedunculate Oak British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Quercus suber Cork Oak British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - larvae: June - July (British leafminers).

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Britain including Bedfordshire (VC30), Buckinghamshire (VC24), Caernarvonshire (VC49), Cambridgeshire (VC29), Carmarthenshire (VC44), Cheshire (VC58), Derbyshire (VC57), East Norfolk (VC27), East Ross (VC106), East Suffolk (VC25), East Sussex (VC14), East Sutherland (VC107), Flintshire (VC51), Glamorganshire (VC41), Herefordshire (VC36), Kincardineshire (VC91), Merionethshire (VC48), North Devon (VC4), North Ebudes (VC104), North Essex (VC19), North Hampshire (VC12), North Somerset (VC6), North Wiltshire (VC7), Northamptonshire (VC32), Shropshire (VC40), South Hampshire (VC11), South Lancashire (VC59), South Wiltshire (VC8), Staffordshire (VC39), Surrey (VC17), Warwickshire (VC38), West Norfolk (VC28), West Ross, West Suffolk (VC26) and Worcestershire (VC37) (NBN Gateway).

See also British leafminers distribution map.

Also recorded in the Republic of Ireland (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea). See also Ireland's NBDC interactive map.

NBN Grid Map:

NBN Grid Map

Heliozela sericiella
NBN Grid Map : NBN Terms and Conditions

Maps are only displayed if the NBN server is active. N.B. Only publicly available records, if any, are shown by default

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Corsica, Croatia, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, Estonia, Finland, French mainland, Germany, Hungary, Italian mainland, Kaliningrad Region, Latvia, Lithuania, Norwegian mainland, Poland, Portuguese mainland, Romania, Russia - North and Northwest, Sicily, Slovakia, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands and Ukraine (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:

Quercus ilex, Quercus petraea, Quercus pubescens, Quercus robur, Quercus suber

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Currently unknown.



External links: Search the internet:
Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Gateway
NHM UK Checklist
UKMoths
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Last updated 22-Jul-2016  Brian Pitkin Top of page