The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

Join us on Facebook

Helcystogramma rufescens (Zeller, 1877)
[Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae]

Orange Crest


Recurvaria rufescens Zeller, 1877
Helcystogramma rufescens
(Zeller, 1877).


Grass-spinner: The larva spins grass blades and feeds inside the spiral spinning, causing whitening of the grass blade tip. It changes leaves several times in the course of its development (British leafminers).

Mine of Helcystogramma rufescens
Mine of Helcystogramma rufescens
Image: © (British leafminers)

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

The striking black and white striped larva is described and illustrated in British leafminers and UKMoths.

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Adult: The adult is illustrated in UKMoths and the Encyclopedia of Life. The male and female genitalia are illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group.

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Poaceae        
Arrhenatherum elatius False Oat-grass British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. British leafminers
Arrhenatherum elatius False Oat-grass British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Brachypodium sylvaticum False Brome British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. UKMoths
Calamagrostis epigejos Wood Small-reed British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. UKMoths
Poa       British leafminers
Poa       Pitkin & Plant

Hosts elsewhere: Currently unknown.

Time of year - larvae: April-July (British leafminers).

Time of year - adults: The nocturnal adults fly between June and August (UKMoths).

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Occurring in England and Wales (UKMoths), including Bedfordshire (VC30), Caernarvonshire (VC49), Cambridgeshire (VC29), Cheshire (VC58), Derbyshire (VC57), Dorset (VC9), East Cornwall (VC2), East Gloucestershire (VC33), East Kent (VC15), East Norfolk (VC27), East Suffolk (VC25), Glamorganshire (VC41), Herefordshire (VC36), Merionethshire (VC48), Middlesex (VC21), North Essex (VC19), North Hampshire (VC12), North Lincolnshire (VC54), North Somerset (VC6), North Wiltshire (VC7), Shropshire (VC40), South Devon (VC3), South Essex (VC18), South Hampshire (VC11), South Lancashire (VC59), South Somerset (VC5), South Wiltshire (VC8), Staffordshire (VC39), Surrey (VC17), Warwickshire (VC38), West Cornwall (VC1), West Gloucestershire (VC34), West Kent (VC16), West Norfolk (VC28), West Suffolk (VC26), Westmorland (VC69) and Worcestershire (VC37) (NBN Gateway) and the Channel Is. (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

Also recorded in Republic of Ireland (UKMoths; Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea). See also Ireland's NBDC interactive map.

NBN Grid Map:

NBN Grid Map

Helcystogramma rufescens
NBN Grid Map : NBN Terms and Conditions

Maps are only displayed if the NBN server is active. N.B. Only publicly available records, if any, are shown by default

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, Estonia, Finland, French mainland, Germany, Greek mainland, Hungary, Italian mainland, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Norwegian mainland, Poland, Romania, Russia - Central, East and North, Slovakia, Spanish mainland, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands and Ukraine (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:

Arrhenatherum elatius, Brachypodium sylvaticum, Calamagrostis epigejos

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Currently unknown.



External links: Search the internet:

Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Gateway
NHM UK Checklist
UKMoths

Find using Google
Find using Google Scholar
Find images using Google


XHTML Validator
Last updated 22-Jul-2016  Brian Pitkin Top of page