The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Gypsonoma dealbana (Frölich, 1828)
[Lepidoptera: Tortricidae]

Common Cloaked Shoot


Tortrix dealbana Frölich, 1828. Enum. Torts. Württ.: 51
Gypsonoma dealbana
(Frölich, 1828).


Leaf-miner: The larvae feed on a range of deciduous trees, windowing leaves in autumn and eating the buds, catkins, young shoots and then spun leaves in the spring (UKMoths). The mine is illustrated in British leafminers.

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Cocoon formed in soil or where the larva fed British leafminers.

Adult: The adult is illustrated in UKMoths and the Encyclopedia of Life. The male and female genitalia are illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group.

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Betulaceae        
Corylus       British leafminers
Corylus       UKMoths
Fagaceae        
Quercus       UKMoths
Rosaceae        
Crataegus       British leafminers
Crataegus       UKMoths
Salicaceae        
Populus       British leafminers
Populus       UKMoths
Salix       British leafminers
Salix       UKMoths

Hosts elsewhere:

Betulaceae        
Alnus       Belgian Lepidoptera
Betula       Belgian Lepidoptera
Corylus       Belgian Lepidoptera
Fagaceae        
Quercus       Belgian Lepidoptera
Rosaceae        
Crataegus       Belgian Lepidoptera
Salicaceae        
Populus       Belgian Lepidoptera
Salix       Belgian Lepidoptera

Time of year - larvae: September - June (British leafminers).

Time of year - adults: The normal flight period is July and August, when the moths fly from dusk onwards (UKMoths).

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: It is widely distributed over England, Wales and Ireland, though commoner in the south (UKMoths), including the Channel Is. (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea); Bedfordshire (VC30), Berkshire (VC22), Buckinghamshire (VC24), Caernarvonshire (VC49), Cambridgeshire (VC29), Cheshire (VC58), Derbyshire (VC57), Dorset (VC9), East Cornwall (VC2), East Gloucestershire (VC33), East Kent (VC15), East Norfolk (VC27), East Suffolk (VC25), Glamorganshire (VC41), Herefordshire (VC36), Hertfordshire (VC20), Huntingdonshire (VC31), Merionethshire (VC48), Mid-west Yorkshire (VC64), Middlesex (VC21), Monmouthshire (VC35), North Devon (VC4), North Essex (VC19), North Hampshire (VC12), North Somerset (VC6), North Wiltshire (VC7), Pembrokeshire (VC45), Shropshire (VC40), South Devon (VC3), South Essex (VC18), South Hampshire (VC11), South Lancashire (VC59), South Wiltshire (VC8), South-west Yorkshire (VC63), Staffordshire (VC39), Surrey (VC17), Warwickshire (VC38), West Cornwall (VC1), West Gloucestershire (VC34), West Kent (VC16), West Lancashire (VC60), West Norfolk (VC28), West Suffolk (VC26), West Sussex (VC13), Westmorland (VC69), Worcestershire (VC37) (NBN Gateway).

Also recorded in the Republic of Ireland (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea). See also Ireland's NBDC interactive map.

NBN Grid Map:

NBN Grid Map

Gypsonoma dealbana
NBN Grid Map : NBN Terms and Conditions

Maps are only displayed if the NBN server is active. N.B. Only publicly available records, if any, are shown by default

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, Estonia, Finland, French mainland, Germany, Greek mainland, Hungary, Italian mainland, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Norwegian mainland, Poland, Portuguese mainland, Romania, Russia - Central, Sardinia, Slovakia, Spanish mainland, Sweden, Switzerland and The Netherlands. Also recorded in East Palaearctic and Near East (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:

Host species unknown

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Ichneumonoidea  
Lytopylus rufipes (Nees, 1814) Braconidae: Agathidinae
Ascogaster canifrons Wesmael, 1835 Braconidae: Cheloninae
Ascogaster quadridentata Wesmael, 1835 Braconidae: Cheloninae
Macrocentrus nitidus (Wesmael, 1835) Braconidae: Macrocentrinae
Macrocentrus thoracicus (Nees, 1811) Braconidae: Macrocentrinae
Meteorus obsoletus (Wesmael, 1835) Braconidae: Meteorinae
Sinophorus crassifemur (Thomson, 1887) Ichneumonidae: Campopleginae
Pristomerus vulnerator (Panzer, 1799) Ichneumonidae: Cremastinae
Itoplectis maculator (Fabricius, 1775) Ichneumonidae: Pimplinae


External links: Search the internet:

Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Gateway
NHM UK Checklist
UKMoths

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Last updated 29-Jul-2016  Brian Pitkin Top of page