The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Elachista cingillella (Herrich-Schäffer, 1855)
[Lepidoptera: Elachistidae]

White-tipped Dwarf


Poeciloptilia cingillella Herrich-Schäffer, 1855
Elachista cingillella
(Herrich-Schäffer, 1855).


Leaf-miner: Gradually widening mine in the base of the blade; the sides very irregulary scalloped out. In the end the blade may be eaten out completely. When lit from behind the mine is not uniformly transparant, but rather yellowish green and mottled because the larva leaves parts of the leaf tissue uneaten, and does not feed full depth. Pupation external (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

Described by Parenti (2005a). The larva is dark olive green, almost black (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Described by Parenti (2005a) (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Adult: The adult is not illustrated in UKMoths (check for update). The male genitalia, but not the female genitalia (check for update), are illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group.

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Poaceae        
Milium effusum Wood Millet British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant

Hosts elsewhere:

Poaceae        
Bromopsis erecta Upright Brome  

Bladmineerders van Europa, as Bromus erectus

Dichanthium ischaemum     Bladmineerders van Europa
Milium effusum Wood Millet British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - larvae: September - April; larva overwinters in the mine (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Britain including Herefordshire and West Gloucestershire
(NBN Gateway).

NBN Grid Map:

NBN Grid Map

Elachista cingillella
NBN Grid Map : NBN Terms and Conditions

Maps are only displayed if the NBN server is active. N.B. Only publicly available records, if any, are shown by default

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria, Finland, French mainland, Hungary, Norwegian mainland, Poland, Romania, Russia - East and North, Sweden and The Netherlands (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:

Bromopsis erecta, Milium effusum

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Ichneumonoidea  
Pholetesor elpis (Nixon, 1973) Braconidae: Microgastrinae


External links: Search the internet:

Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Gateway
NHM UK Checklist
UKMoths

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Last updated 21-Jul-2016  Brian Pitkin Top of page