Leaf-miner: Mine upper-surface or, more often, lower-surface. At first a long, narrow, winding epidermal gallery with central, more or less deliquescent, reddish brown frass. The gallery abruptly widens into an elongate blotch that is epidermal at first but soon deeper; the blotch is brown with strikingly white margins. Epidermis finely wrinkled. Lower surface mines strongly contract the leaf (and often there is a mine at either side of the midrib). 2-3 Larvae in a blotch, each with its own initial corridor. Frass in large black grains in a central depot; moreover in the form of very thin threads stuck in a reticulate pattern in the epidermis (Bladmineerders van Europa).
Larva: Details unknown. The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).
Pupa: Hering (1957a) states that the pupa lies naked in the mine but pictures on Lepiforum show normal cocoons, with a thin silken wall, not covered by frass. At emergence the pupa works itself for a large part out of the mine (Bladmineerders van Europa).
The adult is not illustrated in UKMoths (check for update). The genitalia are not illustrated by the Lepidoptera
Dissection Group (check for update).
Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland: Currently unknown.
of year - larvae: Currently unknown.
of year - adults: Currently unknown.
in Great Britain & Ireland: First recorded in the UK in Kent (2004), when a moth was trapped (British
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elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Azores, Canary Islands, Corsica, Crete, Croatia, French mainland, Germany, Gibralter, Greek mainland, Italian mainland, Madeira, Malta, Portuguese mainland, Sardinia, Sicily, Spanish mainland, and Switzerland (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).
Introduced in Australia for the biological control of the serious weed Echium plantagineum (Patterson's curse), originating from southern Europe (Kumata & Horak, 1997a; Walsh, Woods & Dodd, 1993a; Wapshere & Kirk, 1977a), see Bladmineerders van Europa.
NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:
British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Currently unknown.