and case-bearer: Feeds in the seedpods and makes a greyish/yellow case from the seedpod
Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).
Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).
The adult is illustrated in UKMoths. The male
genitalia are illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group.
Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:
of year - larvae: August - April (British
of year - adults: Currently unknown.
in Great Britain & Ireland: Britain including Anglesey (VC52),
Banffshire (VC94), Bedfordshire (VC30), Berkshire (VC22), Buckinghamshire (VC24), Cambridgeshire (VC29),
Denbighshire (VC50), East Cornwall (VC2), East Kent (VC15), East Norfolk (VC27), East Suffolk (VC25),
Glamorganshire (VC41), Herefordshire (VC36), Huntingdonshire (VC31), Kincardineshire (VC91), North Aberdeenshire (VC93),
North Essex (VC19), North Hampshire (VC12), North Somerset (VC6), North Wiltshire (VC7), North-east Yorkshire (VC62), Shropshire (VC40), South Aberdeenshire (VC92), South Lancashire (VC59), South Wiltshire (VC8),
Staffordshire (VC39), Surrey (VC17), West Gloucestershire (VC34), West Lancashire (VC60), West Norfolk (VC28),
West Suffolk (VC26), Westmorland (VC69) and Worcestershire (VC37) (NBN
Gateway) and Chorlton, Manchester (British
recorded in the Republic of Ireland (Karsholt and van Nieukerken
in Fauna Europaea). See also Ireland's NBDC interactive map.
NBN Grid Map:
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elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria,
Belgium, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, Estonia, Finland, French
mainland, Germany, Hungary, Italian mainland, Latvia, Liechtenstein,
Lithuania, Luxembourg, Norwegian mainland, Poland, Romania, Russia
- Central, North and South, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spanish mainland,
Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands. Also recorded in the East
Palaearctic and Near East (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).
NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:
British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Currently unknown.