and case-bearer: The
larva feeds on ripening seeds and makes a case from the floret and
is fully fed by early August (British
Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).
Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).
The adult is illustrated in UKMoths.
genitalia, but not the female genitalia (check for update), are illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group.
Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:
of year - larvae: July-May (British
of year - adults: The adults fly during the day as well as after
dark when they are attracted to light. June and July is the main
flight period (UKMoths).
in Great Britain & Ireland: A widely distributed species
throughout Britain & Ireland, which is common in places. It frequents
grassy areas and waste ground (UKMoths)
including Bedfordshire (VC30), Caernarvonshire (VC49), Cambridgeshire (VC29), Cheshire (VC58),
Denbighshire (VC50), East Cornwall (VC2), East Norfolk (VC27), East Suffolk (VC25), Glamorganshire (VC41),
Herefordshire (VC36), Hertfordshire (VC20), Kincardineshire (VC91), Middlesex (VC21), North Essex (VC19),
North Somerset (VC6), North Wiltshire (VC7), South Northumberland (VC67), Shropshire (VC40),
South Essex (VC18), South Lancashire (VC59), South Wiltshire (VC8), Staffordshire (VC39), Surrey (VC17),
Warwickshire (VC38), West Cornwall (VC1), West Gloucestershire (VC34), West Norfolk (VC28),
West Suffolk (VC26), Westmorland (VC69) and Worcestershire (VC37) (NBN
Also recorded in the Republic of Ireland (NBDC interactive map.
NBN Grid Map:
elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Albania,
Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech
Republic, Danish mainland, Estonia, Finland, French mainland, Germany,
Greek mainland, Hungary, Italian mainland, Latvia, Liechtenstein,
Lithuania, Macedonia, North Aegean Is., Norwegian mainland, Poland,
Portuguese mainland, Romania, Russia - South, Sardinia, Sicily,
Slovakia, Slovenia, Spanish mainland, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands
and Yugoslavia. Also recorded in the East Palaearctic, Near East,
North Africa, Australian region, Nearctic region and Neotropical
region (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).
NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:
British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: