The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Antispila treitschkiella (Fischer von Röslerstamm, 1843)
[Lepidoptera: Heliozelidae]

Yellow-spot Lift

Elachista treitschkiella Fischer von Röslerstamm, 1843
Antispila petryi
Martini, 1898. Stettin ent. Ztg. 59: 398
Antispila stachjanella
Dziurzynski, 1948. Docum. physiogr. polon. no. 12: 4, 81. fig'd.
Antispila treitschkiella
(Fischer von Röslerstamm, 1843).

Leaf-miner: The initial mine is a short gallery at the leaf edge, which expands to from a blotch. The larva cuts out an oval case 4-5.5 mm long (British leafminers), in which it subsequently lives amongst leaf litter on the ground (UKMoths).

Oviposition usually close to the leaf margin. From there starts a corridor of about 1 cm; it contains much frass, is often somehat tortuous in its beginning and as a role closely follows the leaf margin. After a moult the direction reverses (picture) and the larva starts making a full depth blotch that can become several cm long and wide. Here the frass is lying in scattered grains. The full grown larva covers an oval section at the margin of the blotch with a light brown pergamon-like layer of silk, cuts this loose and drops within it to the ground. The excision that is made is about 4-4.5 mm long. Contrary to metallella the female does not makes test punctures before ovipsition (Dziursynski, 1958a; Heath and Pelham-Clinton, 1976a). Also contrary to metallella the larva has a row of black spots on all abdominal segments, easily visible without opening the mine. (The larva lies belly-up in the mine (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

The larval case is also illustrated in British leafminers and UKMoths.

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Adult: The adult is illustrated in UKMoths. The genitalia are not illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group (check for update).

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Cornus sanguinea Dogwood British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. British leafminers
Cornus sanguinea Dogwood British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Cornus sanguinea Dogwood British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. UKMoths

Hosts elsewhere:

Cornus mas Cornelian-cherry   Bladmineerders van Europa
Cornus mas Cornelian-cherry   Biodiversity Heritage Library
Belgian Lepidoptera
Cornus sanguinea Dogwood British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Cornus sanguinea Dogwood British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Biodiversity Heritage Library
Belgian Lepidoptera

Time of year - larvae: August until early October (UKMoths; British leafminers).

Time of year - adults: June and July (UKMoths).

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Occurs locally in parts of southern England, including Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Cambridgeshire, East Gloucestershire, East Norfolk, East Suffolk, Hertfordshire, Huntingdonshire, Isle of Wight, North Hampshire, North Somerset, South Wiltshire, Warwickshire and West Suffolk (NBN Atlas).

See also British leafminers distribution map.

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, French mainland, Germany, Greek mainland, Hungary, Italian mainland, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Switzerland, The Netherlands and Ukraine (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Cornus mas, Cornus sanguinea

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Derostenus gemmeus Westwood, 1840 Eulophidae: Entedoninae
Colastes braconius Haliday, 1833 Braconidae: Exothecinae

External links: Search the internet:

Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist

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Last updated 27-Nov-2017  Brian Pitkin Top of page