The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds


SANICULA. Sanicle. [Apiaceae]

Sanicle (S. europaea) is the only species of Sanicula recorded in Britain. It is a native species.

Only one British miner is recorded on Sanicula.

A key to the European miners recorded on Sanicula is provided in Bladmineerders van Europa.

Sanicle - Sanicula europaea. Image: © Linda Pitkin
Sanicula europaea

Key for the identification of the known mines of British
insects (Diptera and non-Diptera) recorded on Sanicula

1 > Leaf-miner: Mine irregularly linear, frequently following mid-rib of a leaf segment, appearing greenish or brownish (Spencer, 1972b: 89 (fig. 298), 90; Spencer, 1976: 292, 293 (fig. 687)).

Broad, brownish, upper-surface corridor. In most cases it makes a tour through an entire leaf by entering each segment in turn and making a loop up and down the main vein. Frass in grains. Pupation outside the mine.

The brown or green mine is linear and runs alonside the midrib on several segments of a leaf.

On Sanicula vulneraria and Sanicula europaea in Britain and Sanicula europaea in continental Europe. Widespread in Britain and continental Europe.

Phytomyza brunnipes Brischke, 1880 [Diptera: Agromyzidae].

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