fallaciosa Brischke, 1880
Brischke, 1880. Schr. naturf. Ges. Danzig (N.F.) 5(1-2):
Phytomyza pseudohellebori Hendel, 1920. Arch. Naturgesch.
84A(7) (1918): 152
Phytomyza mimica Hering, 1928. Zoologische Jahrbücher,
Abteilung für Systematik, Ökologie und Geographie der
Tiere 55: 573
Phytomyza fallaciosa Brischke, 1880; Hendel, 1935. Fliegen
palaearkt. Reg. 6(2): 152
Phytomyza bonsdorfi Hendel, 1936. Dt. ent. Z. (N.F.)
9(1-2): 500. [Nomen nudum ]
Phytomyza ranunculiphaga Lundquist, 1949. Opusc. ent.
14: 173. [Synonymised by Spencer, 1976: 414]
Phytomyza fallaciosa Brischke, 1880; Spencer, 1972b. Handbk
ident. Br. Ins. 10(5g): 73, 79, 87, 118
Phytomyza fallaciosa Brischke, 1880 ; Spencer, 1976.
Fauna ent. Scand. 5(1): 414-5, fig. 724
Phytomyza fallaciosa Brischke, 1880; Spencer, 1990. Host
specialization in the World Agromyzidae (Diptera) : 21, 27,
43, 45 (figs 166-7), 178.
forms a linear mine, normally at the apex of leaf, winding backwards
and forwards and thus forming a secondary blotch which quickly turns
brown. Pupation internal (Spencer,
compact secondary blotch, without islands of unmined green tissue.
Mines usually dirty brown in colour, strikingly resembling a dead
and rotting leaf segment. Both primary and secondary feeding lines
apparent. Frass partly in long strings. Pupation takes place within
the leaf, in a lower-surface pupariuml chamber, often somewhat removed
from the mine itself (Bladmineerders van Europa).
mine is also illustrated in British
Larva: The larvae of flies are leg-less maggots without a head capsule (see examples). They never have thoracic or abdominal legs. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall.
The larva is illustrated in Bladmineerders van Europa.
Puparium: The puparia of flies are formed within the hardened last larval skin or puparium and as a result sheaths enclosing head appendages, wings and legs are not visible externally (see examples).
The puparium is illustrated in Bladmineerders van Europa. Varies in colour from white to brown (Spencer,
Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:
of year - mines: June, November.
of year - adults: Currently unknown.
in Great Britain & Ireland: Widespread in Britain including Denbighshire
(Cefn-y-bedd), Dunbarton (Spencer, 1972b: 73), Warwickshire (Allesley and Coventry) (Robbins,
1991: 27); Cambridgeshire (VC29), East Cornwall (VC2), East Sussex (VC14), Herefordshire (VC36),
Pembrokeshire (VC45), South Somerset (VC5), West Kent (VC16) and Worcestershire (VC37) (NBN
recorded in the Republic of Ireland: Co. Clare (Spencer, 1972b: 73).
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elsewhere: Widespread and common in much of Europe including
Iceland, Faroe Is., Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden (Spencer,
1976: 415), The Netherlands, Germany (Bladmineerders van Europa), Czech Republic, Estonia, Iceland, Italian mainland,
Lithuania and Poland (Martinez in Fauna Europaea).
NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:
British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: