campanulae Hendel, 1920
campanulae Hendel, 1920. Arch. Naturgesch. 84A(7)
Phytomyza campanulae Hendel, 1920; Hendel, 1934. Fliegen
palaearkt. Reg. 6(2): 369
Phytomyza campanulae Hendel, 1920; Spencer, 1972b. Handbk
ident. Br. Ins. 10(5g): 78 (fig. 263), 81, 110
Phytomyza campanulae Hendel, 1920; Spencer, 1976. Fauna
ent. Scand. 5 (1): 397, fig. 695.
Phytomyza campanulae Hendel, 1920; Spencer, 1990. Host
specialization in the World Agromyzidae (Diptera) : 231, 232.
irregular whitish linear mine which can broaden at end and become
blotch-like (Spencer, 1976:
Larva: The larvae of flies are leg-less maggots without a head capsule (see examples). They never have thoracic or abdominal legs. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall. The larvae lie on their sides within the mine and use their pick-like mouthparts to feed on plant tissue.
Posterior spiracules two-horned with about 20 bulbs (de Meijere, 1937a) (Bladmineerders van Europa).
Puparium: The puparia of flies are formed within the hardened last larval skin or puparium and as a result sheaths enclosing head appendages, wings and legs are not visible externally (see examples).
Black; posterior spiracles each with an ellipse of some 20 bulbs
(Spencer, 1976: 397).
Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:
of year - mines: July-August.
of year - adults: Currently unknown.
in Great Britain & Ireland: Widespread but local. Surrey
(Box Hill), Somerset (Cheddar), Derby (Miller's Dale) (Spencer, 1972b: 81), Peebles, Stirlingshire (VC86), Mid Perths, Angus (VC90), South Aberdeen
and Banff (Bland, 1994c: 83).
recorded in the Republic of Ireland: Co. Clare (Burren) (Spencer, 1972b: 81).
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Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Denmark, Finland and Sweden (Spencer,
1976: 397), Germany (Spencer,
1976: 570), Austria, Italian mainland and Poland (Martinez in Fauna Europaea).
extending eastwards to the Kirghiz Republic of the [former] U.S.S.R.
(Spencer, 1976: 397).
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British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: