hieracii Kaltenbach, 1862
hieracii Kaltenbach, 1862. Verh. naturh. Ver. preuss. Rheinl.
Liriomyza hieracii Kaltenbach, 1862; Spencer, 1971a. Ent.
Gaz. 22: 166.
Liriomyza hieracii Kaltenbach, 1862; Spencer, 1972b. Handbk
ident. Br. Ins. 10(5g): 48, 56 (fig. 188), 57, 113
Liriomyza hieracii Kaltenbach, 1862; Spencer, 1976. Fauna
ent. Scand. 5(1): 251-2, figs 440-1.
Liriomyza hieracii Kaltenbach, 1862; Spencer, 1990. Host
specialization in the World Agromyzidae (Diptera) : 259, 262
(fig. 985), 263.
A small primary upper surface blotch (Spencer,
upper-surface blotch. Pupation outside the mine (Bladmineerders van Europa).
Larva: The larvae of flies are leg-less maggots without a head capsule (see examples). They never have thoracic or abdominal legs. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall.
Posterior spiracles each with about 8 bulbs (Spencer,
Puparium: The puparia of flies are formed within the hardened last larval skin or puparium and as a result sheaths enclosing head appendages, wings and legs are not visible externally (see examples).
Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:
of year - mines: October.
of year - adults: Currently unknown.
in Great Britain & Ireland: Widespread in Britain, including
Denbighshire (Cefn-y-bedd), London (Hampstead), Somerset (Cheddar), Derby
(Miller's Dale) (Spencer, 1972b:
57) and Warwickshire (Keresley) (Robbins,
1991: 123); North Somerset and South Wiltshire (NBN
mines probably referable to this species also seen at Kent (Dungeness)
(Spencer, 1972b: 57).
NBN Grid Map:
elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Finland,
Norway, Sweden and Germany (Spencer,
1976: 251), The Netherlands (Bladmineerders van Europa), Czech Republic and Lithuania (Martinez in Fauna Europaea).
NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:
British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Currently unknown.