The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Chirosia histricina (Rondani, 1866)
[Diptera: Anthomyiidae]

Chortophila histricina Rondani, 1866. Atti Soc. ital. Sci. nat. Milano 9: 169
Anthomyia hystrix Brischke, 1880.Schr. naturf. Ges. Danzig (N.F.) 5: 287
Anthomyia (Chortophila) nigronitens Pandelle, 1900. Revue Ent. 19 (Suppl.): 265
Pycnoglossa setifemur Ringdahl, 1939. Opusc. ent. 4: 147.
Chirosia histricina (Rondani, 1866).


Leaf-mine: Large full depth blotch, covering the entire distal part of a pinnula. The mine begins near the top, where an elliptic egg shell is attached to the underside of the rachis. Larva solitary. The mine contains much frass (Bladmineerders van Europa).

An upperside blotch at the tip of a pinna lobe (British leafminers).

Larva: The larvae of flies are leg-less maggots without a head capsule (see examples). They never have thoracic or abdominal legs. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall.

The larva is described by de Meijere (1911, as Hylemyia cinerosa) and illustrated in (Bladmineerders van Europa). The cephalopharyngeal skeleton with the upper process shorter than the lower. Mouth hook with only one tooth.

Puparium: The puparia of flies are formed within the hardened last larval skin or puparium and as a result sheaths enclosing head appendages, wings and legs are not visible externally (see examples).

Described by Stork (1936a), as Pycnoglossa cinerosa) (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Comments: Ackland in Chandler(1978) did not indicate whether his host record was British or Foreign and is therefore included under 'Hosts in Britain' and 'Hosts elsewhere'.

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Dennstaedtiaceae        

? Pteridium

      Ackland in Chandler, 1978: 227
Pteridium       British leafminers
Pteridium aquilinum Bracken Bracken - Pteridium aquilinum Mines in BMNH
Pteridium aquilinum Bracken Bracken - Pteridium aquilinum Robbins, 1991: 19-20
Dryopteridaceae        
Dryopteris       Robbins, 1991:

Hosts elsewhere:

Aspleniaceae        
Asplenium       Hering, 1957
Asplenium       Bladmineerders van Europa
Blechnaceae        
Blechnum       Hering, 1957
Blechnum spicant Hard Fern British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Dennstaedtiaceae        

? Pteridium

      Ackland in Chandler, 1978: 227
Pteridium aquilinum Bracken Bracken - Pteridium aquilinum Hering, 1957
Pteridium aquilinum Bracken Bracken - Pteridium aquilinum Bladmineerders van Europa
Dryopteridaceae        
Dryopteris       Hering, 1957
Dryopteris filix-mas Male-fern British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Polystichum       Hering, 1957
Polypodiaceae        
Polypodium       Hering, 1957
Polypodium       Bladmineerders van Europa
Onocleaceae        
Matteuccia       Hering, 1957
Matteuccia struthiopteris Ostrich Feather Fern British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Osmundaceae        
Osmunda       Hering, 1957
Osmunda regalis Royal fern British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Woodsiaceae        
Athyrium       Hering, 1957
Athyrium filix-femina Lady-fern British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Cystopteris       Hering, 1957
Cystopteris fragilis Brittle Bladder-fern British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - mines: June-October.

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Widespread in Britain including Devon, Gloucestershire, Worcestershire (VC37) (VC37), Hampshire, Oxfordshire (VC23), Sutherland, Perth, Inverness, Argyllshire (VC98), Ross and Cromarty, Elgin (Mike Ackland, pers. comm.), Warwickshire (Allesley) (Robbins, 1991: 19-20); Berkshire (VC22), Breconshire (VC42), Cumberland (VC70), Derbyshire (VC57), East Cornwall (VC2), East Kent (VC15), East Ross (VC106), East Sussex (VC14), Easterness (VC96), Elgin, Glamorganshire (VC41), Herefordshire (VC36), Monmouthshire (VC35), North Ebudes (VC104), North Wiltshire (VC7), Northamptonshire (VC32), Oxfordshire (VC23), Shropshire (VC40), South Devon (VC3), South Hampshire (VC11), South Wiltshire (VC8), South-east Yorkshire (VC61), Staffordshire (VC39), Surrey (VC17), West Cornwall (VC1), West Gloucestershire (VC34), West Kent (VC16), West Gloucestershire (VC34), West Suffolk (VC26), Westmorland (VC69), and Worcestershire (VC37) (NBN Gateway).

Also recorded in the Republic of Ireland (Michelsen in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Grid Map:

NBN Grid Map

Chirosia histricina
NBN Grid Map : NBN Terms and Conditions

Maps are only displayed if the NBN server is active. N.B. Only publicly available records, if any, are shown by default

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including The Netherlands and Luxembourg (Bladmineerders van Europa), Austria, ? Corsica, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, French mainland, Germany, Greek mainland, Italian mainland, Lithuania, Norwegian mainland, Poland, Russia - East, Slovakia, Spanish mainland, Sweden and Yugoslavia (Michelsen in Fauna Europaea).

Also recorded in East Palaearctic and Near East (Michelsen in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:

Asplenium ruta-muraria, Athyrium filix-femina, Blechnum spicant, Matteuccia struthiopteris, Pteridium aquilinum

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Chalcidoidea   
Pnigalio soemius (Walker, 1839) Eulophidae: Eulophinae
Stictomischus scaposus Thomson, 1876 Pteromalidae: Miscogastrinae


External links: Search the internet:
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Gateway
NHM UK Checklist
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